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^ / H6f- <J w Jfte Maine Bulletin. November, 1906. Vol. IX. N0.3 



Published monthly during the academic year by the University of Maine 



ANNUAL REPORT 

OF 

The University of Maine 



REPORTS OF THE TRUSTEES 

TREASURER, PRESIDENT 

AND FACULTY 




FOR THE YEAR ENDING 

JULY 1, 1906 



Entered at the Post-office at Orono as second class matter 



: * mm 



ANNUAL REPORT 



Of ->t 
UNIVERSITY Of ILLINOIS 



OF THE 



UNIVERSITY OF MAINE 



For the Year Ending July i, 1906 



Reports of the Trustees, Treasurer, President, and Faculty 



AUGUSTA 

KENNEBEC JOURNAL PRINT 
I906 



REPORT OF THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES. 



To the Honorable Governor and Executive Council of Maine: 

The trustees of the University of Maine respectfully submit their 
thirty-eighth annual report, with the reports of the President and 
Treasurer. 

The past year has been one of unusual progress and prosperity with 
this institution. 

There has been but one change in the board of trustees during the 
year. The term of Hon. Voranus Coffin expired in April. Capt. Coffin 
was a faithful and efficient trustee. He was deeply interested in the 
University and endeavored at all times to promote its welfare. 

Hon. William T. Haines of Waterville was appointed to succeed 
Capt. Coffin. The appointment of Mr. Haines was very gratifying to 
the alumni and friends of the institution. With an experience of four 
years as a student and nineteen years as a trustee, thoroughly familiar 
with the traditions, history and affairs of the institution, Mr. Haines 
possesses superior qualifications for the position of trustee. 

The changes in the faculty during the year have been almost entirely 
in the way of an increase in numbers and strength. Capt. Charles J. 
Symmonds, the efficient and successful head of the military department, 
having served three years, the allotted time, returned to his regiment, 
in September. Lieut. Walter S. Brown, a native of Maine and a grad- 
uate of West Point, has been appointed his successor. 

The new library building, the generous gift of Andrew Carnegie, -the 
construction of which was begun last year, was completed and dedicated 
the second day of November, with appropriate ceremonies. Able and 
eloquent addresses were made by Governor William T. Cobb and United 
States Commissioner of Education, Hon. Elmer E. Brown. This build- 
ing is constructed of Hallowell granite, has a fine location on the campus 
and is considered to be in every particular a model library building. 

The College of Law maintains its popularity and high reputation for 
successful results. It is greatly in need of more commodious rooms. 

While there has been growth in every department, the greatest gain 
during the year has been made in the departments relating to agriculture. 

There are now nearly seven hundred students attending the Univer- 
sity of Maine, and to properly provide for this large body of young 
men and young women is the problem that constantly confronts the 



4 UNIVERSITY OF MAINE 

administration of the institution. While the present facilities would 
have been ample for the student body of a few years ago, they are 
entirely inadequate to meet the needs of the number now in attendance. 
As a result of this condition, the University should have, to meet present 
requirements, a new dormitory; a central power and heating plant; 
a new building for the Department of Agriculture; a new building for 
the Department of Physics ; a new building, or an increase in the size 
of the present building, for the Department of Chemistry; larger and 
better accommodations for the School of Law; and additional equip- 
ments for the different departments. 

The most pressing of these needs are those of a dormitory and a cen- . 
tral power and heating plant. The need of a new dormitory is very 
urgent. Many students cannot find boarding places except at a long 
distance from the campus. In getting to and from their recitations 
these students are subjected to an unnecessary loss of time and money 
and to much inconvenience. Students have left the University because 
no suitable living place could be found nearer than Bangor. As soon 
as possible, a new dormitory, sufficient for one hundred and fifty to 
two hundred students, should be provided. A building to meet the 
requirements would probably cost from fifty thousand to seventy-five 
thousand dollars. The need of a central power and heating plant, since 
the erection of the new library building, has become more urgent. For 
the sake of convenience, utility, economy and safety, and from every 
standpoint from which the matter can be viewed, it would appear that 
a suitable power and heating plant should be built at an early day. 
A technical institution of the rank of the University of Maine ought 
not to be obliged to buy power. It should have a power plant so com- 
plete and of such character as to make it a constant object lesson to 
the students, particularly to those in the engineering courses. The esti- 
mated cost of such a plant is sixty-thousand dollars. 

The appropriation passed by the Legislature of 1897, of twenty thou- 
sand dollars a year for ten years, for the general purposes of the insti- 
tution, will expire January 1, 1907. It will be necessary for the next 
Legislature to provide for the future maintenance of the University, 
having in view the present needs and the probable future growth of the 
institution. It is hoped that whatever provision the Legislature may 
deem it wise to make, will be permanent in its character; and the trus- 
tees would once more suggest the expediency of the State providing for 
the maintenance of its University by a tax of a fraction of a mill. This 
method has been adopted by twelve states of the Union for the support 
of similar institutions, and appears to be more satisfactory than any 
other method. Such a system would insure a permanent income for the 
institution for all future years. 

The University of Maine is a prosperous and successful institution, 
constituting an important part of the educational system of the State. 
It has more than a score of substantial buildings, with extensive and 
valuable equipments, located upon a beautiful campus of about four 
hundred acres, situated near the geographical center of the State. It 



REPORT OF THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES 5 

has a faithful, able, loyal faculty and a student body, constantly increas- 
ing in number, not excelled by that of any institution. All of its depart- 
ments are well organized, working effectively and harmoniously together. 
It occupies a prominent position in the front rank of the land grant 
colleges and its graduates, by their success, are constantly adding to its 
high reputation. Should not the State make liberal and permanent 
provision for its future maintenance? 

HENRY LORD, 

President of the Board of Trustees. 



REPORT OF THE TREASURER. 



To the Trustees of the University of Maine: 

The Treasurer has the honor to submit the following report concern- 
ing the financial condition of the University, July I, 1906: 

Income of the University of Maine from July i, 1905, 
to July i, 1906 

Cash balance July 1, 1905 $6,759 10 

Coburn Fund $4,000 00 

Land Grant Fund 5,915 00 

Morrill Fund 25,000 00 

Receipts from Students 27,702 98 

State 32,000 00 

94,617 9& 



Receipts of the University of Maine from July i, 1905, 
to July i, 1906 

Bills payable $25,000 00 

Bills receivable 433 81 

Carnegie Library 15,000 00 

Diplomas 79 70 

Drill hall subscriptions 50 00 

Rents 1,245 03 

Sundry receipts 773 86 

42,582 40 

Total receipts $143,959 48 



Expenses of the University of Maine from July i, 1905, 
to July i, 1906 
Current Expenses : 

Salaries $60,295 2r 



REPORT ()!• THE TREASURER 



Departments : 

Agriculture (including Farm, Animal In- 
dustry, and Horticulture) $6,299 98 

Bacteriology and Veterinary Science 6057 

Biology 345 30 

Chemistry 109 80 

Civil Engineering 806 76 

Extension Work 45 1 1 

Electrical Engineering 142 30 

Greek and Art Guild 6 90 

Mechanics and Drawing 104 58 

Mechanical Engineering 248 02 

Military Science 249 64 

Pharmacy 35 50 

Philosophy 40 

Physics 160 16 

General Expenses : 

Advertising 572 60 

Bills payable 26,000 00 

Care of buildings . : i>737 81 

Commons 537 85 

Commencement ^s 2 5 

Freight and express 431 50 

Furniture and fixtures 351 67 

Grounds 1,804 °7 

Heating buildings 2,73s 58 

Interest and discount 52 26 

Incidentals 1 12 42 

Insurance 4,896 40 

Kidder Scholarship 30 00 

Library 1,797 80 

Law library 479 50 

Lecture course 185 00 

Lighting buildings and grounds 850 34 

Light station 4,562 79 

Miscellaneous i>355 15 

Mt. Vernon House 686 33 

Office 460 02 

Oak Hall charges 464 77 

Postage and stationery 400 29 

Prizes 7 50 

Reading room 70 90 

Repairs 2,896 15 

Shop 339 15 

School inspection 73 04 

Summer school 5 97 

Summer account 22 72 



8,6l5 02 



i 8 3 




103 40 




100 00 




966 21 


55,422 27 






10,278 10 




9,348 88 



8 UNIVERSITY OF MAINE 

General Expenses — Continued : 

Track 

Treasury 

Trustees* expenses 

Water supply 

Sundry Expenses: 

Carnegie Library 

Cash balance 

$143,959 48. 
Respectfully submitted, 

ISAIAH K. STETSON, Treasurer. 

I hereby certify that I have examined the accounts of the Treasurer 
and find them correctly kept and properly vouched. 

ELLIOTT WOOD, Auditor.. 

Both receipts and expenditures are apparently increased by the inclu- 
sion of the receipts and payments for the new library. The sum of 
$55,ooo received from Mr. Carnegie has been included in the accounts 
of last year and this year. 

Following is a summary showing the exact income and expenses of 

the University for the year : 

Expenses : 

Salaries $60,295 2I 

Departmental expenses including equipment, 8,615 02 
All other general expenses 29,422 27 

$98,332 50 

Income : 

Morrill Fund $25,000 00 

Coburn Fund ,. 4,000 00 

Land Grant Fund 5,915 00 

Receipts from students 27,702 98 

From the State 32,000,000 

94,617 98 

Deficit $3714 52 



REPORT OF THE PRESIDENT 



To the Board of Trustees of the University of Maine: 

The President of the University has the honor to present his fifth 
annual report, covering the years 1905-1906. 

Changes in the Faculty 

The success of an educational institution depends very largely upon 
the continued services of an efficient faculty. The University of Maine 
is this year to be congratulated upon the fact that it loses the services 
of no regularly appointed head of a department. The only apparent 
exception that could be made to this statement is the termination of 
the legal period of service of the military instructor, and the leave of 
absence given to Professor Rogers and Assistant Professor Thompson. 
While Professor Lewis' resignation was accepted during the past year, 
he had been granted a year's leave of absence a year ago. 

While the heads of several departments have had offers from other 
institutions, which have been attractive financially and otherwise, we 
are glad to say that these offers have been refused, largely because of 
the confidence felt in the future of this institution. This continuance 
of the leading members of the faculty has produced a very evident 
improvement in the scholastic tone of all departments. 

While we have lost the services of so few this year, we have gained 
in several particulars. 

Professor Charles Davidson has been appointed the head of the 
new department of Education. Professor Davidson's experience as head 
of a similar dtpartment in Pomona College, California, and as Inspector 
in charge of English in the University of the State of New York, 
together with many years of previous work in colleges and secondary 
schools, has eminently fitted him for this position. Professor Davidson 
graduated from Grinnell College, Iowa, and obtained the degree of 
Doctor of Philosophy at Yale University. 

Professor J. W. Carr has been appointed as head of the Department 
of Germanic Languages in place of Professor Lewis who left us over 
a year ago. Professor Carr has been the head of the Department of 
Modern Languages in West Virginia University, and for the past five 
years in the University of Arkansas. His scholastic training at Har- 
vard University and the University of Leipsic, together with his success 



10 UNIVERSITY OF MAINE 

in two other State Universities, are evidence of his t fitness to conduct 
the work here. 

Professor Max Lentz, who was acting professor in charge of the 
Department of Germanic Languages last year, has been retained per- 
manently in the Department as assistant professor. 

To fill the vacancy for one year, caused by the absence of Professor 
Rogers, Robert J. Sprague, Ph. D., has been appointed. Professor 
Sprague has been for five years head of the Department of Economics 
and Sociology at Knox College, Illinois. He is a native of Maine, a 
graduate of the Eastern Maine Conference Seminary, and of Boston 
and Harvard Universities. 

Assistant Professor Colvin has been made professor of History. 

Instructor A. W. Gilbert has been appointed to be assistant professor 
of Agronomy. 

Lieutenant Walter S. Brown has been detailed by the War Depart- 
ment as head of the Department of Military Science. 

Mr. George R. Wheeler has been appointed acting assistant professor 
of English for one year during the absence of Professor Thompson. 
Mr. Wheeler is a graduate of Albion College, Michigan, and has done 
graduate work at the University of Mich. 

Mr. Maxwell J. Dorsey, a graduate of Michigan Agricultural College, 
has been appointed instructor in Horticulture in charge of the Depart- 
ment, Professor Munson having transferred the whole of his time to 
the Experiment Station. This change will give the Department of Hor- 
ticulture the advantage of the entire services of one man, where here- 
tofore Professor Munson has been compelled to divide his time between 
the Department and the Experiment Station work. 

Mr. R. L. Seabury, a graduate of the University of Maine in the 
class of 1905, who has been one year assistant in Chemistry, has been 
made instructor in Agricultural and Biological Chemistry. 

The Trustees at their meeting in June authorized the engagement of 
a physical director. The institution has been fortunate in being able 
to secure for this position one who is not only fitted for that work r 
but in addition is a regular physician. Percy L. Reynolds, M. D., has 
been appointed physical director and University physician. The advan- 
tage of having a resident physician as a member of the faculty is very 
evident. A student is at liberty to consult the physician, who holds 
regular office hours at the University. In addition to this, the gym- 
nasium work will be put upon regular basis and opportunity given to 
every student to have systematic physical culture. 

The Trustees authorized the addition of another instructor to the 
Department of English. The necessity for this has been apparent for 
some time. Mr. Windsor P. Daggett has been appointed instructor in 
Public Speaking. Mr. Daggett is a graduate of Brown University, in 
the class of 1902, and of the Leland Powers School of the Spoken Word. 
Mr. Daggett has had experience as a teacher, and as a dramatic coach 
and public reader. 

Mr. Charles B. Brown, a graduate of the Sheffield Scientific School, 
with many years of practical experience, has been appointed instructor 



REPORT OF THE PRESIDENT [I 

in Civil Engineering, to replace Mr. Horace Hamlin who has resigned 
to go into practical work. 

Mr. C. J. Carter has been appointed instructor in Shop Work to 
succeed Mr. A. W. Cole resigned. Mr. Carter has taken special work 
in the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and has had several years 
of practical experience. 

Mr. Gustav Wittig, a graduate of Rutgers College, has been appointed 
instructor in Electrical Engineering to replace Mr. Carpenter resigned. 
Mr. Wittig has done graduate work in Columbia University, receiving 
the degree of C. E., and has had practical experience as a teacher. 

Mr. Clarence E. Moots, a graduate of Highland Park College, 
Des Moines, Iowa, has been appointed instructor in Mathematics and 
Drawing. 

Mr. H. D. Knight, instructor in Animal Industry, has resigned to 
pursue graduate work in the Iowa Agricultural College. 

Mr. Percy A. Campbell, a graduate of New Hampshire College, and 
who has taken the Master's degree at Iowa Agricultural College, has 
been appinted instructor in Animal Industry. 

Professor W. F. Morse, for some years connected with the Vermont 
Experiment Statin, has been appointed Vegetable Pathologist in the 
Experiment Station. 

Mr. H. A. Emery, a graduate of the University of Maine in the class 
of 1906, has been appointed instructor in Civil Engineering. 

Mr. Henry W. Bearce, a graduate of the University of Maine in the 
class of 1906, has been appointed tutor in Physics to replace Mr. I. M. 
Bearce resigned. 

Miss J. C. Colcord, a graduate of the University of Maine in the 
class of 1906, has been appointed assistant chemist in the Experiment 
Station to replace Mr. L. I. Nurenberg. 

Mr. Arthur C. Whittier, a graduate of the University of Maine in 
the class of 1905, has been appointed assistant chemist in the Experiment 
Station. 

Miss Florence Balentine, a graduate of the University of Maine in 
the class of 1905, who had been one year assistant in the Department of 
Biology, has been made tutor in Biology. 

Mr. D. J. Edwards, a graduate of the University of Maine in the 
class of 1906, has been appointed assistant in Biology. 

Miss Jennie E. Dunmore, a graduate of Simmons College in the class 
of 1906, has been appointed cataloger in the Library. 

Owing to illness, Mrs. Clara E. Patterson resigned her position as 
assistant in the Library, and was succeeded by Miss Maude Brown 
Colcord as acting assistant until June. Miss Colcord has been made 
assistant in the Library. 

Mr. A. M. Shaw, for several years connected with the Department 
of Horticulture, has been appointed superintendent of grounds and 
greenhouses. 

Mr. Thomas Buck, for four years instructor in the Department of 
Mathematics, has resigned to pursue graduate work. 



12 UNIVERSITY OF MAINE 

Mr. Grant T. Davis, for three years instructor in Chemistry, has 
resigned to accept a similar position in the University of Illinois. 

Mr. H. M. Shute, instructor in Modern Languages, has been appointed 
instructor in Romance Languages. 

Mr. A. W. Sprague, assistant in English, has resigned to pursue 
graduate work at Harvard University. 

Needed Increase of Faculty 

The increase in the number of students, especially in the freshman 
class, calls for an immediate increase in the number of instructors, 
especially those giving the required work in Modern Languages, Draw- 
ing, and Chemistry. Special mention of needs in these departments will 
be found in the reports of the heads of the departments. It should be 
noted, however, in this place that nearly all of the professors and 
instructors are at present giving more hours of classroom instruction 
per week than is advisable. This matter has been referred to in previous 
reports, although there has been no opportunity, up to the present time, 
of relieving them. It is confidently hoped, however, that with the appro- 
priation by the coming legislature these matters may be adjusted for 
the welfare of faculty and students. 

The following is the list of degrees conferred at the last Commence- 
ment : 

DEGREES CONFERRED 

College of Agriculture 

Roy Sawtelle Bacon, B. S Sidney 

Frederic Hall Harlow, B. S Gorham 

Thomas Harold Reynolds, B. S Eastport 

Alton Willard Richardson, B. S Bethel 

Edward Arthur Stanford, B. S Lovell Center 

College of Arts and Sciences 

Henry Walter Bearce, B. S. (Physics) Hebron 

Richard Arthur Bolt, B. A. (Civics) St. John, N. B. 

John Meikle Brockie, B. A. (Philosophy) Old Town 

Everett Dana Brown, B. A. (History) South Paris 

Joanna Carver Colcord, B. S. (Chemistry) Searsport 

Guerric Gaspard DeColigny, B. S. (Chemistry) Springfield, Mass. 

Dayton James Edwards, B. S. (Biology) Oxford 

Joseph Galland, B. S. (Modern Languages) Biddeford 

Carolyn Adelle Hodgdon, B. A. (Greek) Hampden Corner 

Gertrude May Jones, B. S. (Biology) . . . , Corinna 

Merton Rooks Lovett, B. S. (History) Beverly, Mass. 

Estelle Perry, B. S. (History) Penobscot 

Frederick Johnson Simmons, B. A. (Civics) Morrill 

Frederick Dean Southard, B. S. (English) Dorchester, Mass. 

Mary Frances Webber, B. A. (Latin) Bangor 

Albert Ames Whitmore, B. S. (History) Fryeburg 



REPORT OF VIIK PRESIDENT [3 

College of Pharmacy 

Harry Leon Gordon, Ph. C Augusta 

Leon Herbert Marr, Ph. C Farmington 

College of Technology 

Herbert Lester Abbott, B. S. in Civil Engineering Bucksport 

Frank Arthur Banks, B. S. in Civil Engineering Biddeford 

Winneld Dexter Bearce, B. S. in Electrical Engineering Auburn 

Arthur Guy Bennett, B. S. in Electrical Engineering Paris 

Walter Horace Burke, B. S. in Electrical Engineering Kennebunk 

Alfred Jared Butterworth, B. S. in Civil Engineeering, 

Southbridge, Mass. 

Charles William Campbell, B. S. in Civil Engineering Ellsworth 

Gotthard Wilhelm Carlson, B. S. in Electrical Engineering Bethel 

Sidney Cassey, B. S. in Mechanical Engineering Lynn, Mass. 

Howard Lincoln Churchill, B. S. in Forestry Buckfield 

Lincoln Crowell, B. S. in Forestry Dorchester, Mass. 

Charles Ellsworth Currier, B. S. in Electrical Engineering Brewer 

William- Ray Dolbier, B. S. in Civil Engineering Salem 

Hallet Carroll Elliott, B. S. in Civil Engineering Patten 

James William Elms, B. S. in Chemistry Foxcroft 

Harry Alvah Emery, B. S. in Civil Engineering North Anson 

Clinton Fairfield Forbes, B. S. in Electrical Engineering Buckfield 

Walter Oscar Frost, B. S. in Forestry Rockland 

Philip Holden Glover, B. S. in Civil Engineering Harrington 

Claude Albert Gray, B. S. in Mechanical Engineering Bridgton 

Wellington Prescott Hews, B. S. in Civil Engineering Ashland 

George Herbert Hill, B. S. in Civil Engineering Saco 

Lester Boynton Howard, B. S. in Electrical Engineering Dover 

Harold Shepherd Hoxie, B. S. in Civil Engineering. .. .Fairfield Center 

Harvey Hamlin Hoxie, B. S. in Electrical Engineering Waterville 

Caleb Hartwell Johnson, B. S. in Mechanical Engineering, 

Nahant, Mass. 

Harold Lewis Karl, B. S. in Electrical Engineering Rockland 

Raymond Brown Kittredge, B. S. in Civil Engineering. . .Beverly, Mass. 

Ralph Edwin Lord, B. S. in Civil Engineering Bangor 

Charles Libby Lang, B. S. in Electrical Engineering Harrison 

William Lawrence McDermott, B. S. in Mechanical Engineering, 

Biddeford 

Leroy Cleveland Nichols, B. S. in Electrical Engineering Saco 

Robert Franklin Olds, B. S. in Civil Engineering Lewiston 

George Stuart Owen, B. S. in Civil Engineering Portland 

James Lonsdale Paige, B. S. in Mechanical Engineering, 

Southbridge, Mass. 

Roy Hiram Porter, B. S. in Mechanical Engineering South Paris 

Charles Edward Prince, B. S. in Electrical Engineering Kittery 

Frank Radford Reed, Jr., B. S. in Civil Engineering Rumford Falls 



14 UNIVERSITY OF MAINE 

Earle Revere Richards, B. S. in Civil Engineering New Gloucester 

David Nathan Rogers, B. S. in Forestry Patten 

Harold Dockum Ross, B. S. in Electrical Engineering. Skowhegan 

Edgar John Sawyer, B. S. in Civil Engineering Milbridge 

Raphael Simmons Sherman, B. S. in Electrical Engineering. . .Rockland 

John Percy Simmons, B. S. in Civil Engineering Belfast 

Ralph Seldon Smith, B. S. in Civil Engineering Old Town 

Arthur Leonard Sparrow, B. S. in Mechanical Engineering, 

South Orleans, Mass. 

Fred Oramel Stevens, B. S. in Civil Engineering Milan, N. H. 

Frank Carroll Stewart, B. S. in Electrical Engineering Farmington 

George Roger Tarbox, B. S. in Mechanical Engineering Machias 

James Gordon W,allace, B. S. in Civil Engineering Portland 

Arthur Pettingill Weymouth, B. S. in Electrical Engineering. .. .Dexter 

College of Law 

Gerry Lynn Brooks, LL. B Upton 

Winfield Scott Brown, LL. B. (B. A., Bates College, 1895) Dexter 

Elmer John Burnham, LL. B Kittery 

James Adams Colby, LL. B Lynn, Mass. 

Charles Patrick Conners, LL. B. (B. A., Bowdoin College, 1903), 

Bangor 

Carl Cotton, LL. B. (B. A., Colby College, 1900) Bangor 

George Albert Cowan, LL. B Hampden 

James Albert Donnelly, LL. B Houlton 

Frederick Eugene Doyle, LL. B. (B. A., Holy Cross College, 1901), 

Ellsworth 

Oscar Hall Dunbar, LL. B Jonesport 

Lewis Edwin Fox, LL. B •. Lovell 

Moses Harry Harris, LL. B Auburn 

Percy Albert Hasty, LL. B Bangor 

Joseph Alphonse Laliberte, LL. B Fort Kent 

Eben Frank Littlefield, LL. B Brooks 

George William Pike, LL. B Lisbon, N. H. 

William Richard Roix, LL. B Bucksport 

Lucius Black S wett, LL. B West Hollis 

Advanced Degrees 
master of arts 

Helen Veazie Gerrity, B. A. (Mount Holyoke College, 1905) (Mathe- 
matics) Bangor 

Horace Bray Haskell, B. Ph. (Taylor University, 1900) (English), 

Orono 
William Linscot Waldron, B. A. (Colby College, 1897) (French), 

Waterville 



REPORT OF THE PRESIDENT 15 



MASTER OF SCIENCE 

Herman Herbert Hanson, B. S. (Pennsylvania State College, 1902) 

(Chemistry) Orono 

Fred Carlton Mitchell, B. S. (1900) (Physics) Camden 

ELECTRICAL ENGINEER 

Enoch Joseph Bartlett, B. S. in Electrical Engineering (1902), 

Hartford, Conn. 
Howard Ashburn Smith, B. S. in Electrical Engineering (1903), 

Lynn, Mass. 

MASTER OF LAWS 

Ansel Harrison Bridges, LL. B. (1904) Old Town 

Clarence Bertram Hight, LL. B. (1904) Dexter 

George Henry Worster, LL. B. (1905) Bangor 

Certificates in the School Course in Agriculture 

Stephen Edward Abbott Bethel 

Frank Harold Bickford North Dixmont 

Ransom Clayton Packard Brockton, Mass. 

Students 

The number of students, for the year ending June, 1906, was 611. 
The number listed in the catalog which is now in press, for the year 
1906-1907, is 687, subdivided as follows : 

Seniors, 102; Juniors, 76; Sophomores, 127; Freshmen, 152; Specials, 
49; Short Pharmacy, 16; School Course in Agriculture, 10; College of 
Law, 90; Summer Term, 60; Short Agricultural, 17; Graduate Stu- 
dents, 15. 

Gains in 1906-1907 

The following table shows the gains in the number of students in 
the University for this year over the preceding year : 

The whole University 12% 

College of Arts and Sciences 9% 

College of Agriculture 40% 

College of Technology 11% 

College of Pharmacy 21% 

College of Law 10% 

Every county in the State is represented in the student body. The 
smallest number of students from any county is from Sagadahoc County, 
there being six from that county. The largest number of students 
from any county is from Penobscot County, the number being 131. The 
second largest number is from Cumberland County, there being 70. 
Every county in the State is represented in the freshman class. Besides 
every county being represented in the freshman class, every state in 



l6 UNIVERSITY OF MAINE 

New England is represented. The largest number of students from 
any one town is from Portland. The number of women students is 32. 

Of the new students the State of Maine furnishes 160; Massachusetts,. 
2J\ New Hampshire, 4; Vermont, 1; Connecticut, 2; Rhode Island, 1; 
New York, 9; Penns}dvania, 1; Maryland, 1; New Jersey, 1; Michigan,. 
1; Nova Scotia, 1. The total from outside Maine is 49. 

The age of the oldest student in the freshman class is twenty-six 
years, eight months, and twenty-five days ; of the youngest, sixteen 
years, two months, and twenty days. 

Of the whole student body 547 are from Maine; 85 from Massachu- 
setts ; 12 from New Hampshire ; 7 from Rhode Island ; 1 from Vermont ;. 
5 from Connecticut; 10 from New York; 1 from Missouri; 1 from 
Maryland; 1 from Michigan; 1 from Pennsylvania; 1 from Iowa; 2 
from Nova Scotia ; 1 from Peru. 

Last year for the first time there was printed in the annual report 
a list of the occupations of the parents of our entering class. It would 
seem that this is perhaps the most direct method of discovering whether 
the institution is serving the classes for which it was intended. Accord- 
ing to the acts of Congress and of the Legislature of Maine, a "liberal 
and practical education for the industrial classes is to be provided." 
The class entering in September, 1906, came from families engaged in 
the following occupations : 

Architect, justice of the peace, fisherman, millwright and carpenter, 
confectioner, blacksmith, grocer, photographer, real estate and insurance,, 
express messenger, manufacturer, last ma.ker, contractor, meat and 
produce dealer, iron founder, stone cutter, mechanic, farmer, dentist, 
coal merchant, hotel keeper, postmaster, sea captain, curator of museum, 
mining engineer, boot and shoe dealer, overseer in mill, dressmaker, 
railroad employee, tobacconist, mill superintendent, surveyor, cooper, 
hardware dealer, music dealer, salesman, bridge engineer, teamster, farm 
superintendent, traveling salesman, conductor, merchant, carpenter, U. S. 
customs inspector, freight dark, traveling engineer, doctor, hotel man- 
ager, minister, dresser in woolen mill, proprietor of department store, 
clerk, nurse, electrical engineer, cranberry grower, machinist, insurance 
agent, teacher, cabinet maker, boat captain, house painter and paper 
hanger, baker, lumber manufacturer, shipper, architect and builder, brick 
mason, millwright, lawyer, agent, bookkeeper, landscape engineer, art 
store, director of experiment station, mason, lumberman. 

In the class entering in September, 1906, the religious membership 
or preference is as follows : 

Methodist, 39; Universalist, 25 ; Baptist, 19; Catholic, 15; Congre- 
gational, 54; Unitarian, 5; Union, 1; Presbyterian, 1; Free Will Baptist, 
7 ; Episcopal, 8 ; Jewish, 1 ; Christian, 2. 

Not only is the total number of students registered this year greater 
than ever before in the history of the University, but also the number 
in the freshman class is greater than at any previous time. 



report of the president 17 

Lecture Course 

The lecture course was maintained during the year of 1905- 1906 on 
the same plan as previous yeras. The lectures given were as follows : 

November 10, Professor Edward S. Morse, Peabody Academy of 
Science. Subject: Japan and the Japanese. 

November 24, Professor J. William Black, Colby College. Subject: 
Historic Spots in Virginia. 

December 14, Mr. Henry Turner Bailey, North Scituate, Mass. Sub- 
ject: Structural Design. 

January 18, Professor Henry L. Chapman, Bowdoin College. Sub- 
ject: Robert Burns. 

February 1, Professor George D. Chase, University of Maine. Sub- 
ject: The Home of Our Prehistoric Ancestors. 

February 23, Mrs. Anita Newcomb McGee, Washington, D. C. Sub- 
ject: A Woman's Experience in the Japanese Army. 

The following is a list of lecturers who have appeared before the 
students in the College of Technology during the past year : 

Mr. E. W. Bolton, with the Penobscot Machinery Company, Bangor. 
Subject: Steam Pump Installations. 

Mr. George H. Hall, Sales Engineer, The Crocker-Wheeler Com- 
pany, Ampere, N. J. Illustrated lecture on Motor Tool Drive. 

Mr. Charles B. Burleigh, with the Boston Branch of the General 
Electric Company. Subject: The Steam Turbine. 

Mr. A. L. Rohrer, Electrical Superintendent, Schenectady Works, 
General Electric Company. Subject: The Apprenticeship Course at 
Schenectady. 

Mr. Kennedy, of the Western Electric Company, New York Office. 
Subject: An Apprenticeship Course in Telephone Engineering. 

Mr. Walter B. Snow, Manager of the Advance Department of the 
B. F. Sturtevant Company, Boston. Illustrated lecture on the Creation 
of a Manufacturing Plant, also, the Sturtevant System of Heating and 
Ventilation. 

Mr. William G. Snow, Boston Manager of the Warren Webster Com- 
pany. Illustrated lecture on the Vacuum System of .Steam Heating. 

Buildings 
Library — On February 8, 1905, a gift of $50,000 was received from 
Mr. Andrew Carnegie for the purpose of building a library. The Trus- 
tees accepted the gift and inaugurated a competition for plans. Designs 
were submitted by eleven architects, each design being signed with a 
fictitious name. The Building Committee, consisting of Messrs. Lord, 
Winslow and Haskell of the Trustees, and Fellows of the University, 
assisted by Professor Chandler, Professor of Architecture at the Massa- 
chusetts Institute of Technology, examined all the designs, and agreed 
upon one, before the names of any of the architects were known. The 
design having been agreed upon, the envelopes containing the names of 
the competitors were opened, and it was found that the successful design 
2 



l8 UNIVERSITY OF MAINE 

was prepared by Brainerd and Leeds, of Boston. The Building Com- 
mittee then advertised in the newspapers of the State for bids for the 
construction of the library. Several bids by prominent contractors were 
presented, and the Committee awarded the contract to the Horace 
Purinton Company of Waterville, that firm being the lowest bidder. 
Excavation for the foundation was made during the summer of 1905, 
and the foundation built during the autumn was carefully protected 
through the winter. The work of the superstructure was begun in April, 
1906. The building was completed and dedicated on the 2nd of Novem- 
ber, 1906. The program of the dedicatory exercises follows : 

Music by University Military Band 

Prayer 

Report of the Building Committee 

Report of the Contractor 

Presentation of the Building to the State 

By the President of the Board of Trustees, Henry Lord 
Delivery of the Keys to the President and Faculty of the University 

By the Governor of the State, William T. Cobb 
Music by the University Military Band 
The Relation of the University Library to the State 

By the Librarian of the University, Ralph K. Jones 
Dedicatory Address 

By the United States Commissioner of Education, 

Elmer Ellsworth Brown 
Reception by "The Round Table" at the New Library 
Music by the University Orchestra 
Inspection of the Building 

Lord Hall — The increase in the number of agricultural students, 
together with the enlarged work of the Experiment Station, made it 
impossible to conduct the work of the Department of Agriculture as 
far as heretofore in Holmes Hall. The attic, or third floor, of Lord 
Hall has been finished into three fair-sized recitation rooms and two 
small offices. This additional space gives somewhat increased facilities 
to the College of Agriculture, although the accommodations are still 
inadequate. It is hoped, however, that we may get through this year 
without serious inconvenience, although if next year brings us as many 
new students in agriculture it will be next to impossible to proceed 
further without a new building for this work. 

Other Buildings — The only remark to be made is that all buildings 
are overcrowded. Wingate Hall should be entirely devoted to the 
Department of Civil Engineering. It is almost impossible to find room 
for the freshman drawing class. The Department of Physics needs 
more room. The Soils Laboratory, built to accommodate eleven stu- 
dents, is forced to serve twenty-six. Similar statements could be made 
concerning most of the departments. No remedy can be suggested for 
this until other new buildings are erected. 



report of tfii<; president 19 

College of Agriculture 

The growth heretofore noted in the numbers attending the College 
of Agriculture, is to be repeated, except that a still greater increase 
has occurred in the fall of 1906. Five students graduated in the full 
four-year course in the class of 1906, and twenty-six new students 
entered for the four-year course in the fall of 1906. The need of a new 
building will be further discussed under the head of Needs. 

The correspondence work in Agriculture, undertaken a little over a 
year ago, has grown greatly. The interest throughout the State is 
increasing, and the usefulness of this feature is undoubted. Professor 
Gilbert is compelled to devote nearly the whole of his time to this work. 
It is carrying out the true ideal of the State University when instruction 
can be carried directly to the mass of the people. It is sincerely hoped 
that increased means may be appropriated to further this correspondence 
and extension work. 

For the better organization, and because of the increased demands 
upon all of the departments of the College of Agriculture, Professor 
Hurd has been appointed acting dean of the College of Agriculture. 
This w T ill tend to unify the work of all the departments. 

College of Law 

All that has been said in previous reports concerning the high grade 
of work done in the College of Law, and the remarkable success of the 
graduates, might be here repeated. The College of Law continues to 
increase in size and in efficiency and its graduates year by year are 
taking high rank at the bar of this and other states. 

The most important item, however, to bring before the Trustees at 
this time is the absolute necessity of better quarters for the lecture 
rooms and libraries. We fully understand the difficulties that have 
arisen in securing better quarters, but it should be noted that the need 
is now more urgent than ever, since the buildings erected adjoining the 
lecture rooms have shut off light and air. It is sincerely hoped that 
some friend of the University may give a sum of money, $30,000 or 
more, for the building of a proper structure for the College of Law. 

College of Technology 

The College of Technology provides technical instruction in Chem- 
istry, Chemical, Civil, Mechanical, Electrical and Mining Engineering, 
and Forestry. 

A majority of the students registered in this college take Civil, Mechan- 
ical, or Electrical Engineering. All engineering students, however, are 
required to take a minimum of one and two-fifths credits in Chemistry. 

The following table shows the registration in three of the engineering 
departments since 1894. It is believed that it is self-explanatory and 
requires no remarks. 



UNIVERSITY OF MAINE 



TABLE SHOWING THE RELATIVE REGISTRATION SINCE 1894 OF THE THREE 
ENGINEERING DEPARTMENTS 



3 


p- 1 °3 




03 


HP 


£ to 

a 


op 

^w2 


Civils 
to Engs. 


m 
. he 

3 2^ 

^32 


. 03 
93 50 

of! 


1894-5 


64 


38 


36 


203 


138 


67.9 


46.4 


27.5 


26.1 


1895-6 


59 


53 


47 


243 


164 


67.5 


36.0 


35.2 


28.8 


1896-7 


59 


80 


53 


309 


192 


62.1 


30.8 


41. e 


27.6 


1897-8 


64 


77 


61 


306 


202 


66.0 


31.6 


3S.1 


30.3 


1898-9 


62 


86 


41 


293 


189 


64.5 


32.8 


45.5 


21.7 


1899-0 


75 


82 


38 


316 


195 


61.7 


38.5 


42.0 


19.5 


1900-1 


82 


73 


33 


345 


188 


54.5 


43.6 


38.8 


17.6 


1901-2 


102 


86 


35 


350 


223 


63.7 


45.7 


38.6 


15.7 


1902-3 


119 


93 


34 


404 


246 


60.9 


48.4 


67.9 


13.7 


1903-4 


13S 


107 


52 


433 


297 


68.6 


46.5 


36.0 


17.5 


1904-5 


140 


104 


44 


449 


288 


64.1 


48.6 


36.1 


15.3 


1904-6 


138 


112 


53 


476 


303 


63.7 


45.5 


37.0 


17.5 


1906-7 


144 


125 


54 


535 


323 


60.4 


44.6 


38.7 


16.7 



The "Total in Univ." is exclusive of the School of Law, Winter Course 
in Agriculture, and Summer School. 

The departments of this College are in a flourishing condition, and 
show a steady growth, with perhaps the exception of the Mining Engi- 
neering course, this latter being in its infancy, without adequate equip- 
ment or instruction. Many of the departments are laboring under diffi- 
culties, having congested recitation and drawing rooms and laboratories, 
insufficient apparatus and equipment. A majority of the instructors 
must carry so much work that it is impossible for them to obtain the 
best results. 

In spite of these disadvantages, the graduates from these courses, after 
obtaining employment in some branch of their profession, as a rule are 
rated favorably with those of other institutions. It is wished to repeat 
and emphasize the statement made in the last report, that, in order that 
this rating may be increased as well as kept up to its present standard, 
it will soon be necessary to increase the number of instructors, and add 
to the equipment of these departments. 

The beginning of the fourth year of the teaching of Forestry in the 
University furnishes conclusive evidence of the great demand for this 
work. The University of Maine is the only institution furnishing under- 
graduate work in Forestry east of Michigan, and unless we should be 
willing to not do thoroughly the work we have already begun it will 
soon be necessary to have some increased facilities and instruction in 
this department. 



REPORT OF THE PRESIDENT 



College of Arts and Sciences 

This college includes those departments which are usually found in 
collegiate institutions. The students who have had the requisite prepa- 
ration, and who devote one year to the study of either Latin or Greek 
in college, are candidates for the degree of Bachelor of Arts. Those 
who do not take work in Latin or Greek are candidates for the degree 
of Bachelor of Science. In this college it is expected that some one 
department will be chosen in which the student shall do the major part 
of his work. Work of this character may be selected from the depart- 
ments of Biology, Chemistry, Civics, English, German, History, Mathe- 
matics, Physics, or Romance Languages. The faculty of this College 
numbers thirty-five, and there are about one hundred and twenty-five 
students enrolled. 

The Summer Term is a division of the College of Arts and Sciences. 

Department of Education 
During the present year there has been added one new department, 
the Department of Education. No department added to the University 
has met with more prompt appreciation than the new Department of 
Education. The State Superintendent of Schools, the various teachers' 
associations in different parts of the State, and other educational organ- 
izations, have immediately welcomed the new department. A consid- 
erable number of students have already registered for Education as a 
major course, and it is hoped and believed that in the course of a few 
years the University may be able to supply at least a reasonable propor- 
tion of the demands made upon it for teachers in high schools and 
academies. Requests are constantly received at the University for 
principals and department teachers in secondary schools. Probably no 
more than one-fifth of the teachers asked for can be supplied, chiefly 
because but few of the students have been planning to be teachers. 
The opportunity provided by this new department will undoubtedly tend 
to increase the number of students intending to take up teaching as a 
profession; at least present indications seem to point to this result. 

Domestic Economy 
In a State University where provision is made, according to law, for 
education to the "industrial classes," it is certain that domestic economy 
ought not to be omitted. At present there is no provision for this work. 
It ought not to be long before women seeking industrial training should 
have as good an opportunity as men. 

Geology and Botany 
A present need is also felt for full departments of Geology and Botany. 
Not only are these departments of work essential to any liberal educa- 
tion, but they are indispensable for the technical courses. We ought 
not to wait longer than the beginning of the fall term of 1907 for the 
department of Geology, and a material increase in the amount of Botany 



22 UNIVERSITY OF MAINE 

instruction. An independent department for each of these subjects 
should be established. 

No division of the University may be emphasized to better advantage 
at the present time than the College of Arts and Sciences. Upon this 
we depend to supply students to meet the constantly growing demand 
for teachers in Maine and elsewhere, and for preparation for the study 
of law, medicine, and theology. The influence of this college upon the 
more teachnical branches of the University is of great value along lines 
which lead to general culture. 

Gifts 
Since the last annual report the University has received the following 
gifts : 

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING 

Panel of Storage Battery parts for demonstration purposes, from the 
National Battery Company, Buffalo, N. Y. 

Samples of wire and cables with modern types of insulation, from 
the John A. Roebling's Sons Company, Trenton, N. J. 

Large framed photographs of General Electric Company machinery, 
buildings, and railway systems, from, or through the Alumni Associ- 
ation at Schenectady. 

Photographs of Bullock Electric Company machinery, from Mr. A. N. 
Brown, 1905, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Two complete desk telephone sets, from the Kellogg Switchboard & 
Supply Company, Chicago, 111. 

Photographs showing construction of electrical machinery, from Mr. 
George H. Hall, 1894, the Crocker- Wheeler Company, Ampere, N. J. 

Samples of modern apparatus, consisting of parts ,and types of tele- 
phones for demonstration purposes. Loaned by the American Bell Tele- 
phone Company. 

COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE 

Through the interest of the C. M. Conant Company of Bangor, a full 
set of Aspinwall Potato Machinery was loaned for exhibition purposes. 

One Kemp Manure Spreader, from the Richardson Manufacturing 
Company, of Worcester, Mass. 

One Standard Sprayer, and one New Standard Potato Digger, from 
the Standard Harrow Company, Utica, N. Y. 

Mr. C. F. Parsons of Fort Fairfield, State Agent for the Evans Potato 
Planter, presented a planter. 

Through the efforts of Professor W. M. Munson and the influence 
of the George B. Haskell Company of Lewiston, a carload of imple- 
ments, mostly from the plant of the John Deere Company, of Maline, 
Illinois, were placed on exhibition. 

One Eureka Two-Horse Potato Planter, one Eureka One-Horse Potato 
Planter, and one Eureka Corn Planter, from the Eureka Mower Com- 
pany, of Utica, N. Y. 

Three Iron Age One-Horse Cultivators, two Iron Age Hand Garden 
Drills, one Iron Age Hand Garden Hoe, and one Iron Age Sprayer, 
from the Bateman Manufacturing Company, Greenlock, N. J. 



REPORT OF THE PRESIDENT 23 

One Miller Manure Spreader, from the Newark Machine Company, 
Newark, Ohio. 

One Adriance Mower from the Adriance Piatt Company, Pough- 
keepsie, N. Y., by their General Agent, George S. Pitts, Bangor. 

One Knapsack Sprayer, from the Myers Spray Pump Company. 

R. B. Dunning & Company of Bangor, C. M. Conant & Company 
of Bangor, George B. Haskell Company of Lewiston, and Kendall & 
Whitney of Portland, all have from time to time furnished free samples 
of seed for classroom work. 

Needs 

Heating and Pozver Plant— In the last annual report a brief synopsis 
of the history of the heating and power plant was given. The conditions 
have not changed except that more is demanded of the power plant, and 
the inadequacy is much more apparent than heretofore. It has been 
found impossible to light the new library at all from our local plant. 
It has therefore been connected directly with the wires of the Bangor 
Railway and Electric Company. The following paragraphs are taken 
from last year's report, as fully exemplifying the needs of a new heating 
and power plant: 

"A need which is growing every day more imperative and which has 
already been twice brought before the legislature, is for a general heating 
and power plant. 

"In. 1898 a small boiler was put into a wooden addition to a wooden 
building which then served for a shop. This boiler furnished power 
for the necessary electric lighting of the buildings and grounds as they 
existed at that time. Because of the failure of the heating plant in 
Fernald Hall, the exhaust steam from the boiler was soon used to heat 
Fernald Hall. In 1900 the same necessity compelled new arrangements 
for heating Oak Hall. A brick conduit was made and steam conducted 
from the boiler to that building. There was constant danger of the 
failure both of heating and lighting because of the lack of power, but 
no accident occurred. In 1901, after the construction of Alumni Hall, 
a new boiler was added, and these two boilers have, as far as possible, 
furnished the heating for Oak Hall and the Commons, Wingate Hall, 
Fernald Hall, Alumni Hall, and since 1904 Lord Hall also. The work 
put upon these boilers is too great for their capacity and it is impossible 
to both heat and light the institution at certain hours of the day. For 
two or three years past we have been compelled to buy power and light 
from a public company during the hours when the greatest strain is put 
upon our plant, viz., from 3 to 5 p. m., when all the lights are used in 
the drawing rooms and all of the buildings connected with the boilers 
need heat. Our present plant is totally inadequate. At other times, 
the demand made upon our boilers and dynamos is so great that the 
slightest accident, the breaking of a belt or anything of that nature, 
compels us to buy power. We have no reserve, and not enough engine 
and dynamo force to carry all of our plant at once. In addition to 
this there are four or five buildings that ought to be connected with the 
same central plant, which connection is of course impossible. When 



24 UNIVERSITY OF MAINE) 

the new library is completed there will be still more reason to put in 
an adequate plant. The great lack of economy in fuel, as well as the 
increased amount of labor demanded under present conditions, must be 
obvious to any one who makes a careful investigation." 

The expert heating engineers who made estimates two years ago 
have carefully gone over the subject again and made careful surveys. 
They find that a proper heating and power plant, supplying all of our 
present buildings- including the new library, and so arranged that addi- 
tional buildings may be attached to it, can be constructed for between 
$50,000 and $60,000. 

Agricultural Building — All that was said in last year's report to show 
the need and advisability of having a new structure for the College of 
Agriculture may be repeated here with emphasis. 

The number of students taking work in Agriculture has fully doubled 
since last year. At the opening of the fall term twenty-six new students 
entered for the four-year course in Agriculture. 

Dormitory — The catalog to be published this fall will show a regis- 
tration of 687 students (possibly a few more should be added to this). 
The inadequacy of dormitory room for the students has been apparent 
for years. It was relieved somewhat two years ago when two new 
chapter houses were built, but an increase of nearly two hundred students 
within that time has again rendered the capacity of the University and 
of the village inadequate for proper accommodations. While rooms in 
which to stay may be obtained, it is not true that a sufficient number of 
desirable rooms can be obtained in the village. With the scarcity and 
increasing demand prices have risen. Hence, need of increased dormi- 
tory facilities on the University grounds is more than ever apparent. 
There should be sufficient accommodation, at reasonable prices and of 
good quality, furnished by the University so that local prices could not 
become exorbitant because of the lack of competition. 

A most pressing need is for a dormitory providing for not less than 
150 students. 

Department of Physics — In all previous reports recommendations have 
been made, though without being strongly urged, for a Physics building. 

The Department of Physics now occupies the second floor of the 
building designed for Civil Engineeering. That building at present can- 
not supply the drawing rooms necessary for the freshman class alone. 
What the situation will be next year, if the incoming class is no larger 
than the one this year, is something the authorities of the University 
cannot contemplate without alarm. No less than the whole of Wingate 
Hall should be devoted to the departments of Civil Engineering and 
Drawing. 

In addition to relief for the Civil Engineering and Drawing depart- 
ments, the floor occupied by the Department of Physics is already over- 
crowded, and there is no space for expansion. 

Chemistry Building — Although the Department of Chemistry has a 
whole building to itself, its size furnishes adequate facilities for about 
one-half the students we now have. When it was built many years ago 






REPORT OF THK PRESIDENT 25 

it was one of the best. Twenty-live years ago perhaps no laboratory 
in the country was any better than the one we had then, and which we 
still have. But the same argument which calls for increased room in 
other departments, applies here. Either considerable additions must be 
made to the present building, or a new laboratory constructed very soon. 

Assembly Hall or Chapel — The Chapel is no longer large enough to 
accommodate the whole student body. Further remark seems unneces- 
sary. Certainly no institution should be long without some room not 
only large enough to hold its student body on ordinary occasions, but 
of sufficient capacity for the more important exercises during the year 
when visitors are present. 

Summary of equipment needed immediately, and buildings which 
should be built at once, or within two or three years at most : 

Biology $ 709 

Museum 1,275 

Forestry 525 

Chemistry 1,400 

Zoology 600 

Mechanical Engineering 12,568 

Physics 550 

Pharmacy 500 

Mineralogy 275 

Military 500 

Electrical Engineering 4,725 

Horticulture 1 1,500 

Power plant • 50,000 to 60,000 

Agricultural Building 50,000 to 60,000 

Dormitory 60,000 to 100,000 

Physics Building 40,000 

Additional farm land Unknown amount 

Houses for farm laborers and other employees 7,5oo 

Increase in Faculty — In addition to the number of instructors demanded 
from time to time as the number of students increases, there should be 
immediately added to the faculty a professor and instructor in Botany, 
an instructor in Entomology, a curator of the Museum, a professor of 
Geology. 

Income from the State 

On the 31st of December, 1906, the State appropriation for the support 
of the University will expire. This is a most important crisis in the 
history of the University. There may have been times in the past when 
a question might be raised as to the real vitality of the institution, 
whether it could or should live. If these times have existed they are 
all in the past. 

The demand for the education offered at the institution is not only 
far greater than ever before, but far beyond the dreams and hopes of 
the strongest friends of the University. There are many ways that 
this might be shown, but the fact that nearly seven hundred students 



26 UNIVERSITY OF MAINE 

are enrolled in the fall of 1906, the larger part of these taking our tech- 
nical and agricultural courses which are not to be had elsewhere in 
the State, is undeniable evidence that the institution is accomplishing 
here in New England exactly what State Universities in other states 
have been accomplishing. 

It is difficult to account entirely for the present prosperous condition. 
For several years facilities for room and board of students have been 
inadequate. The equipment in laboratories and shops has been far less 
than was the students' right to expect. The number of classrooms, and 
of buildings for instruction, has been for several years entirely insuffi- 
cient Possibly the optimism of trustees, teachers, and students, and 
the general belief that the State would come to the rescue in time, may 
account for the general prosperity up to this point. The limit, however, 
has been reached. The Legislature of 1907 must plainly and clearly 
decide whether the University is to be checked in its progress, or go 
on trying to meet the demands made upon it by the people of the State. 
If it does its duty by its patrons, the amount of support by the State 
must be very greatly increased. 

I am aware that it is not sensible or practicable to measure one's 
personal expenses by those of another, but it is a mere matter of busi- 
ness and scientific calculation to determine the approximate amount of 
money necessary to manage a successful business enterprise of a certain 
kind. Any wise business man makes use of the experience of others 
in estimating for the future. A manufacturing concern employing a 
fixed number of hands, at definite wages, producing a certain amount 
of goods which may be sold at an approximately certain price, can tell 
pretty accurately in advance just how much money is necessary to use 
in the successful management of the business. With not quite as great 
accuracy, but nearly so, may the necessary income and expenses of an 
educational institution be estimated. 

It is perfectly fair to compare institutions of similar nature, grade, 
and size. The figures are at hand to show that no State University of 
equal grade or size receives a less support from the state than from 
three to ten times as much as the University of Maine. I understand 
perfectly that many things should be considered when comparisons are 
made, the real valuation of the property of the state, population, the 
number of students, etc. North Dakota, with an assessed valuation 
one-half that of Maine, with two-thirds as many college students, paid 
last year §62,796 for annual maintenance, and a considerably larger 
sum for buildings. Colorado, with an assessed valuation just about 
the same as Maine, and with about one hundred more college students 
than the University of Maine, received last year for support $209,000. 
In North Dakota the state supports an Agricultural College in addition 
to the State University. In Colorado, a State School of Mines and an 
Agricultural College are supported in addition to the State University. 

These are given merely as illustrations, because the students number 
very nearly the same as in the University of Maine. To continue the 
comparison would only make the support of the Unversity of Maine 



REPORT OF THE PRESIDENT 27 

show to greater disadvantage. Of course we do not wish to compete 
with such states as Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Michi- 
gan. They are manifestly so far beyond us in population, property, and 
number of students that it would be of no advantage to anyone to draw 
parallels. But Maine would show to greater disadvantage than in the 
two instances stated if compared with such states and territories as 
Alabama, Arizona, Idaho, Oklahoma, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming. 

Farming Special Train 

The mission of the State University, and particularly of the agricul- 
tural college of the University, is to spread information as widely as 
possible within the State. With this idea in view it became possible 
through the generous co-operation of the Bangor and Aroostook Rail- 
road, and the Maine Central Railroad, to run a special train for five 
weeks during the spring and early summer of 1906. 

The President of the University conferred with the Commissioner of 
Agriculture, Honorable A. W. Gilman, and it was decided to unite the 
forces of the State Department of Agriculture with those of the Col- 
lege of Agriculture. Invitations to accompany the train were sent to 
the officers of the State Grange, the State Pomological Society, and the 
State Dairy Association, indeed to all organizations connected with agri- 
culture, including the editors of the agricultural papers in the State. 
Representatives of each organization, and of several newspapers in 
addition to the agricultural papers, were with the train for a longer or 
shorter period. 

The train on the Bangor and Aroostook System ran for twelve days, 
according to the following schedule : 

Monday, April 23 

Bradford 9.00 to 11.00 a. m. 

Frankfort . 12.30 to 2.30 p. m. 

Searsport , . . 4.00 and evening 

Tuesday, April 24 

Prospect 9.00 to 11.00 a. m. 

Lagrange 1.00 to 3.00 p. m. 

Brownville 4.00 and evening 

Wednesday, April 25 

Sherman 10.00 to 12.00 a. m. 

Island Falls 1.00 to 3.00 p. M. 

Patten 4.30 and evening 

Thursday, April 26 

Oakfield 9.00 to 11.00 A. m. 

Masardis 1.00 to 3.00 p. m. 

Fort Kent evening 



28 university of maine 

Friday, April 27 

Ashland 10.00 to 12.00 A. m. 

Houlton 4.00 and evening 

Saturday, April 28 

Monticello 9.00 to 11.00 a. m. 

(Train at Houlton for Sunday.) 

Monday, April 30 
Fort Fairfield 4.00 and evening 

Tuesday, May i 

Easton 9.00 to 1 1 .00 a. m. 

Mars Hill and Blaine 12.30 to 2.30 p. m. 

Presque Isle 4.00 and evening 

Wednesday, May 2 

Van Buren 10.00 to 11.30 A. m. 

New Sweden 1.00 to 3.00 p. m. 

Caribou 4.00 and evening 

Thursday, May 3 

Limestone 9.00 to 11.00 a. m. 

Bridgewater 2.00 to 3.30 p. m. 

Millinocket . . ^ evening 

Friday, MAy 4 

Milo 9.00 to 11.00 A. M. 

South Sebec 12.30 to 2.30 p. m. 

Dover and Foxcroft 4.00 and evening 

Saturday, May 5 

Greenville 10.00 to 1 1.30 a. m. 

Abbot Village 1.00 to 2.30 P. m. 

Guilford 3.00 to 4.30 p. m. 

(And then back to Old Town.) 

The train on the Maine Central system ran fifteen days according to 
the follownig schedule : 

Thursday, June 14 

Danforth 9.30 to 11.30 a. m. 

Kingman 1.10 to 3.00 p. m. 

Lincoln 3.40 to 5.30 p. m. 






REPORT ()'' Till; PRESIDENT 29 

Friday, June 15 

Orrington 9.00 to 10.30 A. m. 

Bticksport Ctr. ( Winterport) 10.45 to 12.50 

Bucksport 2.30 to 4.30 and evening 

Saturday, June 16 

Hancock 9.30 to 11.30 a. m. 

Mt. Desert Ferry (Bar Harbor) 1.10 to 3.00 p. M. 

Ellsworth 4.00 to 6.00 and evening 

Monday, June 18 

Cherryfleld 9-O0 to 11.00 a. m. 

Harrington 12.30 to 2.00 p. m. 

Columbia Falls 2.30 to 4.00 p. m. 

Machias 4.45 to 6.00 and evening 

Tuesday, June 19 

Dennysville 9.00 to 11.00 A. m. 

Perry 1.00 to 3.00 p. m. 

Eastport 4.00 to 6.00 and evening 

Wednesday, June 20 

Pembroke 9.00 to 11.00 A. M. 

Princeton 1.30 to 3.00 p. m. 

Calais 4.15 to 6.00 and evening 

Thursday, June 21 

Corinna 2.00 to 3.30 p. M. 

Dexter 4.00 to 6.00 and evening 

Friday, June 22 

Newport 9.00 to 11.00 a. m. 

Brooks 1.30 to 3.25 p. m. 

Belfast 4.00 to 6.00 and evening 

Saturday, June 23 

Unity 9.00 to 11.00 a. m. 

Clinton 1.00 to 3.00 p. m. 

Pittsfield • 4.00 to 6.60 and evening 

Monday, June 23 

Oakland 9.30 to 11.30 a. m. 

Fairfield 1.30 to 3.15 p. m. 

Skowhegan 4.00 to 6.00 and evening 



30 university of maine 

Tuesday, June 26 

Winthrop 10.00 to 11.30 A. m. 

East Livermore 1.30 to 3.00 p. m. 

Farmington 4.00 to 6.00 and evening 

Wednesday, June 27 

North Jay 9.00 to 11.00 a. m. 

Greene 1.00 to 3.00 p. m. 

Lewiston (Main Street) 4.00 to 6.00 and evening 

Thursday, June 28 

Lisbon 9.00 to 11.00 a. m. 

Brunswick 1.00 to 3.00 p. m. 

Bath 4.00 to 6.00 and evening 

Friday, June 29 

Wiscasset 9.30 to 11.30 A. m. 

Damariscotta Mills 1.00 to 3.00 p. m. 

Rockland 4.00 to 6.00 and evening 

Saturday, June 30 

Waldoboro 9.00 to 11.00 a. m. 

Back to Bangor. 

The first train consisted of two baggage cars and one coach. The 
two baggage cars contained apparatus and illustrative material relative 
to Agriculture, Animal Industry, Horticulture, Entomology, and the 
Experiment Station. Professors representing each of these departments, 
officers of the State Department of Agriculture, and students in the 
College of Agriculture, accompanied the train. At every stop from two 
to four short addresses on practical agricultural topics were given to 
the people who assembled. Ample opportunity was given for all to go 
through the train and examine the exhibits and ask questions. Where 
the train stopped over night an illustrated lecture was given in a public 
hall. It is estimated that from sixty to seventy thousand people went 
through the train and listened to the addresses. 

The Maine Central train consisted of three baggage cars and a coach, 
and in addition to the apparatus and illustrative material in the first 
train, there was increased space given to the Department of Horticulture, 
and a considerable exhibition of Forestry work. This latter exhibit was 
greatly improved by the assistance of the State Department of Forestry, 
and by manufacturing interests dealing with timber. 

The strongest assurances have been received from all parts of the 
State that great good has been done in encouraging improved methods 
in poultry and dairy work, orchard and farm crops. Every day inquiries 
come to the Experiment Station or to the University from those who 



REPORT 01? TIIK PRESIDENT $1 

visited the train or who have heard of it, and who wish detailed 
information regarding fertilizers, seed, stock feeding, and other matters 
of similar nature. There is little doubt that the two trains, which were 
run largely as an experiment, have resulted in a quickened interest in 
all lines of agricultural work among those who are already ambitious, 
and in an awakened interest among many who had never thought much 
about improved farming methods. 



REPORT OF THE DEAN 



President G. E. Fellows: 

Sir: — During the past two years the routine work of this office has 
been the same as that set forth in my last report, except that applica- 
tions for admission to advanced standing in the University are now 
passed upon by the Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences, who acts 
also as Chairman of the Registration Committee. 

I wish to especially call your attention to the favorable results of 
the new requirements for admission and of our membership in the New 
England College Entrance Certificate Board. In 1904 the requirements 
for admission to technical courses were raised by fully one-third. At 
the same time we began the practice of accepting certificates from those 
schools only that were approved by the New England College Entrance 
Certificate Board. As a natural result there was a considerable falling 
off in the entering class that year. At the present time, however, that 
loss seems to have been more than made good, candidates and schools 
having learned to adapt themselves to the new requirements. The fol- 
lowing comparison may be of interest : 

Students Admitted to Four Year Courses, 1904 

Regular freshmen 88 

Special students 27 

Total , 115 

Percentage of special students, 23.5. 

Students Admitted to Four Year Courses, 1906 

Regular freshmen k 152 

Special students 17 

Total 169 

Percentage of special students, 10. 

The gain in thoroughness of preparation is quite as marked as the 
increase in numbers, the percentage of "conditioned" students in 1906 
being only seven-tenths of what it was in 1904. 

While the decrease in percentage of conditioned students is gratifying, 
it does not give a full idea of the improvement, but when joined with 
the decrease in first year specials it is very satisfactory. 



REPORT Otf THE DEAN. 33 

It may also be of interest to compare the average number of points 
offered by all candidates admitted in 1904, both with and without con- 
ditions, with the average offered in 1906. 

In 1904 all candidates averaged 23.8 points. 

In 1906 all candidates averaged 25.9 points. 

This year's admissions to the freshman class, classified by the schools 
where preparation was made, are as follows : 

Maine Schools 
Bangor, 8; Portland and Hebron Academy, 7 each; Deering, 6; 
Paris, 5 ; Orono, Thornton Academy, Washington Academy, Westbrook, 
4 each ; Boynton High School, Cony High School, Ellsworth, Kennebunk, 
Old Town, Rumford Falls, Skowhegan, Vanceboro, Yarmouth, 3 each; 
Bar Harbor, Belfast, Calais, East Maine Conference Seminary, Edward 
Little, Farmington, Foxcroft, Greeley Institute, Houlton High, Ricker 
Classical Institute, Waterville, 2 each; Berwick Academy, Brunswick, 
Camden, Farmington Normal, Fryeburg, Gardiner, Good Will, Guilford, 
Island Falls, Maine Central Institute, Norway, Parsonsfield Seminary, 
Rockland, Sabattus, Sangerville, 1 each. 

Other States 

Lynn, Mass., 6; Brooklyn, N. Y., 4; Utica, N. Y., 3; Fall River, 
Ipswich, and Maiden, Mass., and Somersworth, N. H., 2 each; eight 
towns in Massachusetts, two in New Hampshire, one in Rhode Island, 
one in Connecticut, one in New York, Lansing, Mich., George School, 
Penn., Bridgton, Nova Scotia, one each. 

In the above report no account is made of students admitted to the 
Short Pharmacy Course, or the School Course in Agriculture, as those 
admissions are administered by the Professor of Pharmacy and the 
Dean of the College of Agriculture respectively. 

A still more careful administration of our requirements for admission 
will undoubtedly result in increased numbers, as well as in greatly 
improved quality of preparation. 

Respectfully submitted, 

. J. N. HART, Dean. 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRONOMY 



President G. E. Fellows: 

Sir : — I have the honor to present the following report of the Depart- 
ment of Agronomy, and, as you requested, have also mentioned some 
of the immediate needs of the College of Agriculture as a whole : 

The work of the Department of Agronomy has been developed along 
the lines indicated in the last report. During the past year three elective 
courses have been added, making ten in all. The work of instruction 
besides these ten college courses consists of that given in the Two Years 
School Course, and the short winter courses. At the beginning of the 
year a small room on the third floor of Fernald Hall was at slight 
expense made into a temporary soils laboratory, and some apparatus has 
been provided. The maximum capacity of this room is ten, but at the 
present time twenty-six are registered in this course. One plane table 
has been made in the department and one purchased during the year. 
A set of tools for the taking of soil samples has also been made here. 
These all add greatly to the efficiency of the teaching of this subject, 
but it is obvious, on account of the larger numbers now taking these 
courses, that the equipment and room is entirely inadequate, and more 
of each must be provided in the near future. There is much equipment 
needed in the department which I have spoken of, later on, in the needs 
of the College of Agriculture. 

As in previous years the management of the College Farm has been 
in my hands. During the year there was grown on the farm 160 tons 
of hay; 200 tons silage corn; 8 acres of oats, 5 acres of potatoes; V/2. 
of ruta-bagas ; 1 of mangel wurtzels, and a few beans. These crops 
have either been sold to the fraternity houses or consumed by the live 
stock owned by the University. The income derived from these crops 
and from labor furnished by the farm resulted in a little over $350 net 
profit for the year. The rotation of crops started in 1904 is being carried 
out with excellent results. During the year about one-half mile of tile 
drain has been laid in that section of the farm to the south of the Car- 
negie Library. There is still need of a large amount of under-drain in 
other sections of the farm and I would recommend that this be laid at 
the earliest possible moment. Very little equipment was added to the 
farm during the year. The urgent needs of the farm are listed under 
those of the College of Agriculture. 



department of agronomy 35 

Progress During the Year 
It gives me pleasure to report at this time a continuance in the increase 
of agricultural students. During the year the following numbers have 
taken one or more courses in the College of Agriculture : 

In Four Year Agricultural Course 21 

In Two Year School Course 12 

In Short Winter Courses 9 

In Special Poultry and Horticulture Course 9 

Students from other courses in the University taking 

courses in Agriculture 14 

Students in Summer School taking Elementary Agricul- 
ture and Nature Study 10 

Total taking work in the College of Agriculture 75 

Total number enrolled in Correspondence courses, 100, of 
which fifty are returning written answers to questions. . 50 

Total number receiving systematic instruction last year 
in College of Agriculture 125 

During the year much interest has been manifested throughout the 
State in the work of the College of Agriculture. The Maine Dairy- 
men's Association has offered prizes aggregating $30.00 for essays on 
dairy subjects. 

Hon. A. W. Gilman and Hon. Z. A. Gilbert each offer prizes of $25.00 
for best essays. Mr. L. C. Bateman, of Lewiston, Mr. H. E. Cook, of 
Denmark, N. Y., and Mr. George Aiken, 'of Woodstock, Vermont, offer 
a prize of $20.00 for essays on stable sanitation, and The Bowker Fer- 
tilizer Company of Boston offer a prize to Short Winter Course students 
for the best essay on Fertilizers. 

About two years ago an effort was made to secure a chapter of Alpha 
Zeta, the national honorary agricultural fraternity. Last year the matter 
was again taken up, this time the efforts being successful. Last May 
eleven Agricultural students and three members of the faculty were 
made members. The fraternity has active chapters in twelve other state 
colleges and universities and should help greatly in giving this college 
a high standing among similar institutions. 

Five men received the degree of B. S. in the Agricultural Course last 
June, and three received certificates in the School Course in Agriculture. 

During the year the Four Years Agricultural Course was re-drafted 
and made a 30-credit course, putting it on the same basis with other 
technical courses in the University. 

About four times as many inquiries about the Agricultural Courses 
came into my hands as in any other year since I came here. These came 
from all sections of the United States and some foreign countries. 



36 UNIVERSITY OF MAINE 



Gifts and Donations During the Year 

During the year several manufacturers of agricultural implements have 
given for exhibition, and in some instances the privilege of use is 
allowed, the following implements and machinery : 
The Richardson Mfg. Co., Worcester, Mass. 

i Kemp Manure Spreader. 
The Standard Harrow Co., Utica, N. Y. 
i Standard Sprayer, 
i New Standard Potato Digger. 
Mr. C. F. Parsons of Fort Fairfield, State Agent for the Evans Potato 
Planter, presented a planter. 

Through the interest of the C. M. Conant Co. of Bangor, a full set 
of Aspinwall Potato Machinery, consisting of 
i Aspinwall Planter, 
i Aspinwall Sprayer, 
i Aspinwall Potato Sorter, 
i Aspinwall Seed Potato Cutter, 
were loaned for exhibition purposes. 

Through the efforts made by Professor W. M. Munson and the influ- 
ence of the Geo. B. Haskell Co. of Lewiston, a carload of implements, 
mostly from the plant of the John Deere Co. of Maline, 111., were placed 
on exhibition. These consisted of 
4 Plows of different types, 
i Spike Tooth Harrow, 
i Disc Harrow, 
i Riding Disc Cultivator, 

i Riding Shovel Tooth Cultivator with extra attachments, 
i Deere Two Row Riding Corn Planter, 
i Deere Two Disc Gang Plow, 
i Deere Grain Drill and Seeder, 

2 Deere Hay Loaders. 

The Eureka Mower Co., Utica, N. Y. 

1 Eureka Two Horse Potato Planter, 
i Eureka One Horse Potato Planter, 
i Eureka Corn Planter, No. 2. 

The Bateman Mfg. Co., Greenlock, N. J. 

3 Iron Age One Horse Cultivators, 

2 Iron Age Hand Garden Drills, 
i Iron Age Hand Garden Hoe, 

i Iron Age Sprayer. 
The Newark Machine Co., Newark, Ohio. 

i Miller Manure Spreader. 
The Adriance Piatt Co., Poughkeepsie, N. Y., by their General x\gent, 
Geo. S. Pitts, Bangor, 

i Adriance Mower. 
The Myers Spray Pump Co. 

i Knapsack Sprayer. 



DEPARTMENT 0I« AGRONOMY 2>7 

R. B. Dunning & Co. of Bangor, C. M. Conant & Co. of Bangor, 
Geo. B. Haskell Co. of Lewiston, and Kendall & Whitney of Portland, 
all have from time to time furnished free samples of seed for classroom 
work. 

The above machinery is now all on exhibition, and for study in 
Machinery Hall. To the individuals, the firms who aided in getting 
this equipment and to the manufacturers themselves the department 
wishes to express thanks and appreciation at this time. 

Extension Work 

At the beginning of the year a systematic effort was made to develop 
the Correspondence and Lecture Courses. Prof. A. W. Gilbert was put 
in charge of the correspondence and details of the work. About January 
ist last, Extension Circulars Nos. i and 2 were sent out over the State, 
and in two months' time more than 100 were enrolled in the Corre- 
spondence Courses. The number who at once took up this work is 
proof of the need for it and it is to be hoped that a member of the 
faculty can give his entire time to this work soon. 

The Lecture Courses have been much sought after, lectures by different 
members of the faculty having been given in nearly every section of the 
State. During the year monthly lists of news items have been sent to 
about 100 papers in this and other states. The extension work is spoken 
of more fully under the needs of the College. 

Needs of the College of Agriculture 

There is the greatest immediate need of a modern building for the 
purposes of agricultural instruction and demonstration. The instruction 
in the three departments is now being given in eight separate buildings, 
only one of which, the- dairy building, is properly equipped for first-class 
instruction. It is unnecessary to say that these three departments which 
are so closely dependent on each other could be greatly strengthened 
and the work made of a much higher grade if they were brought together 
into one building. The size of the classes at the present time absolutely 
demands that new quarters be provided, as those now available are 
entirely inadequate. 

The building should be large enough to furnish ample room for the 
three departments. This means offices, classrooms, laboratories for 
each department, reading room, assembly room, museum, library, seminar 
rooms, a safe for records, mice and rat proof room for seeds and plants, 
photography room, soils laboratory, farm crops laboratory, stock judging 
room, cold storage room, drawing room, apparatus rooms, rooms for 
veterinary science and bacteriology; these latter include an operating 
room and rooms for the keeping of animals under test. 

The Department of Agronomy needs more room and more apparatus 
for soil laboratory work. A large amount of equipment with which to 
develop phases of Agricultural Engineering other than the study 
of Farm Implements should be provided. At least two levels, rods and 



3& UNIVERSITY OF MAINE 

chains, and two transits and compasses should be provided for the work 
in leveling, land drainage and farm surveying. 

Models of plants, mounted specimens, samples of farm crops, charts 
and books are also needed. 

The University Library has on hand nearly all of the reports and 
publications of the different state departments, colleges, and experiment 
stations, but these are not available for use. They must be bound and 
an index provided before the department can do satisfactory work in its 
courses. 

A departmental library would also be of great usefulness to both 
instructors and students. 

A dynamometer, for testing draft in the field, charts and material 
illustrating road making, models and charts showing construction of 
farm buildings, belts, pulleys, shafting, motors, and gasoline engines 
are some of the things needed. 

The farm needs more land in order to extend operations, do demon- 
stration work, and raise feed for the numbers of animals that should 
be kept. It is almost impossible at present to get men at reasonable 
wages for farm labor because there is no house in which they can live. 
A farm house large enough for at least one family and with room 
enough for several boarders should be built. At present there is no 
place where the potato crops and root crops can be stored. This causes 
considerable loss each year and a frost proof house similar to those used 
on farms in Aroostook county, costing from $700 to $1,000, should be 
built. 

On account of lack of shed room it is necessary at present to let 
wagons and sleighs remain outdoors. Machinery Hall has been sided 
up and painted one coat. It needs more paint and some new floor. A 
grain room should also be built in this building. 

The facilities for keeping stock should be increased. The college 
should breed and rear its own draft horses. The college should breed 
enough live stock of all kinds so that examples in breeding and care 
would be on hand for the study of students at all times. Better quarters 
for swine should be provided. There is also great need of sets of herd, 
stud, and flock books of the different kinds. 

Mr. Dorsey reports the following needs in the Department of Horti- 
culture : 

At the end of the present year the Department of Horticulture will 
be without classrooms, and at present there is no laboratory for this 
department. A suitable laboratory should be provided with equipment 
for demonstrating, the making of sprays, grafting, budding, studying 
varieties, cold storage and handicraft work in general. The equipment 
of the laboratory should consist of balances, microscopes, graduates, 
barrels, pails, spray pumps, and nozzles of the different makes, and a 
supply of the different materials used in spraying. 

For handicraft work in general there will be needed budding knives, 
pruning shears, saws, and the implements generally used for illustrative 
purposes. A collection of the implements used in harvesting fruit should 



DEPARTMENT OF AGRONOMY 39 

be on hand for illustration and a collection of the different packages 
for marketing and storing is needed. 

A cold storage room should be provided for the keeping of fruits and 
vegetables for purposes of study. 

Models, charts, photographs, and mounted specimens are needed for 
illustration. 

A collection of injurious insects and fungus diseases affecting fruits 
and trees should be made for purposes of instruction. 

A section of the greenhouse should be set aside for student work and 
student practice. 

Some land should be devoted to small fruit, vegetable, and flower 
culture. 

The extension work of the College of Agriculture should be developed 
farther. I have made inquiry into what is being done in twenty-two 
Eastern and Central states and find that about 75% of these colleges 
have extension work in some form. In a majority of these cases the 
work is carried on by means of special appropriations. These vary from 
$2,000 to $35,000 per annum. We need a special appropriation of not 
less than $4,000 a year to pay the salary of a man, his traveling expenses 
and the cost of carrying on co-operative and demonstration work all 
over the State. The work of the man in charge of this extension work 
would consist chiefly of co-operative work showing better methods of 
farming all over the State, the publishing of helpful circulars for farmers, 
the organization of Nature Study clubs in village and rural schools, 
demonstration work at fairs, educational work with granges, and lectures 
at institutes and other gatherings. 

An effort should be made to gather together a ' model agricultural 
library to be exhibited at the larger fairs, the State Teachers' Asso- 
ciation and the State Grange. Books should be suggested to the several 
grange libraries. When this work is started it will be necessary to get 
office equipment, duplicating machines, correspondence files, a stereopticon 
and slides, and clerical help will have to be provided. 

The demand for men trained in Agriculture continues to increase. 
We had more than three times as many applications for men this year 
as we had men to fill the places. 

At the beginning of the year Professor Arthur W. Gilbert took up his 
work as instructor. He has shown a deep interest in the development 
of the department, and the College of Agriculture. 
Respectfully submitted, 

WILLIAM D. HURD, 
Acting Dean and Professor of Agronomy. 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL 
INDUSTRY 



President G. E. Fellows: 

Sir: — The buildings occupied by this department with their furnish- 
ings and animals make the facilities for instruction in animal feeding, 
breeding, judging and handling sufficiently good for present needs. 

The cattle herd consists of forty animals, including representatives of 
six different breeds, viz : Jersey, Ayrshire, Guernsey, Shorthorn, Here- 
ford and Red Poll. The swine herd contains five Berkshire breeding 
animals. There are fifty-four sheep, all pure-blooded Horn Dorsets, 
Cheviots, Hampshires, and Oxfords. 

The Dairy Building is in good condition and well equipped with 
modern machinery and fixtures. 

The poultry plant of the Experiment Station has been increased in 
buildings and fixtures and in connection with a large, private, commer- 
cial breeding plant in the neighborhood, furnishes unequaled facilities 
for studying poultry breeding and investigations. 

The department has two urgent needs : one, a piped brooder house, 
ioo feet long, so that students may be given instruction in raising broiler 
chickens in winter; the other, a shed 60 feet long and 20 feet wide, in 
which to raise our dairy-bred heifers in the open air, more than is now 
practicable with our present barn arrangements. 

Mr. Percy A. Campbell assists in the work of the department and 
teaching. 

The calls for public lectures both in and out of the State have required 
a large amount of time and have been met whenever possible. 

Respectfully submitted, 
t : G. M. GOWELL, 

Professor of Animal Industry. 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY 



President G. E. Fellozvs: 

Sir: — So many students have registered in the Biological Department 
that we find great difficulty in providing for them in the laboratory 
because of insufficient space and apparatus. It has become necessary 
to divide the class in General Biology into three laboratory sections in 
order to accommodate them at all, and a class of fourteen and another 
class of thirteen are placed in a small laboratory that is intended for 
only eight. All of the regular lockers in the department have been 
assigned and a few students have been assigned drawers away from their 
desks. It has become necessary to schedule more than one class in the 
same laboratory at the same time and temporary tables have been 
crowded in. In order to accommodate these classes at all, it has been 
necessary to order eleven new microscopes and still many of these 
microscopes are used by as many as three different classes, and some 
by four classes, the result being that it is impossible to make certain 
individuals responsible for the care of their instruments. Many of the 
microscopes have to be transported from one place to another for the 
different classes. 

The urgent needs of the department include more space, more instru- 
ments and a division of the work. We especially need a Botanist, an 
Entomologist and a Curator of the Museum. The work of the depart- 
ment has become such that it calls for specialists along these lines. The 
educational value of a Natural History and Industrial Museum is being 
recognized all over the country and material is constantly coming to 
us that calls for care and display. The department needs a vivarium 
and greenhouse in which material may be kept during our long and 
severe winters, for class work both in Botany and Zoology. It would 
then be possible for students to become acquainted with the habits and 
method of growth of forms they are studying, and to investigate many 
problems that are denied without this aid. An addition to the basement 
of Coburn Hall could be constructed at small cost, that would answer 
our present needs nicely. 

Respectfully submitted, 

GILMAN A. DREW, 

Professor of Biology. 



42 UNIVERSJTY OF MAINE 

APPENDIX TO REPORT OF DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY 

March 20, 1906. 
President G. E. Fellows: 

Sir: — In compliance with your request I submit the following report 
of the needs of the Department of Biology at the University of Maine: 

As is the case with most of the older universities, the Department of 
Biology consists of what is left over after dividing what was known as 
the Department of Natural History. At present the department includes 
many divisions which are known as separate departments in many of 
the institutions in the United States. These divisions are: Botany* 
Zoology, Entomology, Physiology, Bacteriology, Embryology, and Herba- 
rium and Museum. While these departments are in many ways related, 
they are sufficiently distinct to be run as separate departments wherever 
the finances of the institution allow it. With the technical departments 
of this institution there is a special need of good departments in Botany 
and Entomology that will deal with the economic side more fully than 
is possible under the present arrangement. The needs of the department 
may be taken up under several heads. 

1. Space. 

A. Laboratory. With the present number of students that take work 
in the department, and the subjects that have to be taught, our laboratory 
space, which is limited to one large room that will accommodate thirty- 
five students and one smaller room that will accommodate eight students, 
it becomes necessary to frequently have more than one class in the 
laboratory at the same time. This term, for instance, a class working 
on the embryology of the chick and a class in General Botany are in the 
laboratory at the same time, and another class working in Zoology 
together with another division of the class in General Botany are in 
the laboratory together. Later in the term, when the work in Bacteri- 
ology begins, it will be necessary to have a portion of this work done 
in the large laboratory, so there will be three classes dealing with differ- 
ent subjects and under different instructors, in the laboratory together. 
With the present arrangement there is no provision for those students 
who are taking advanced work and it becomes necessary for them to 
go to the laboratory and get such microscopes and desks as are not in 
use whenever it is possible for them to find accommodations. We are 
very much in need of the other room on the second floor of Coburn Hall, 
now used by the English department, in order that it may be equipped 
as a laboratory and the classes separated. The present arrangement 
necessarily causes confusion. We are also in need of at least two small 
rooms, one to be used for a workshop for the preparation of skeletons 
and other anatomical work, and another for drying, pressing and mount- 
ing plants. These rooms need not be large, and may be in the basement, 
but they should be well lighted and properly heated. 

B. Museum. The present quarters of the Museum are so cramped 
that it is impossible to place any considerable portion of the material 
that we have, so it can be seen by the students or visitors, and the result 



DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY 43 

is, that that which is on exhibition is crowded and poorly arranged. 
To exhibit the material properly we will need fully twice as much room 
as we now have. When the library leaves Coburn Hall, the room now 
occupied as a reading-room would make very suitable quarters for the 
present needs, as it is both well lighted and large enough for a proper 
arrangement of cases. Further increase in the Museum can be provided 
for by cutting an archway from the present Museum into the room 
occupied by the Civics department, but the time is probably not far off 
when the building will not be adequate for the Department of Biology 
and for the Museum. The building is not properly arranged for a 
Museum and is not fire-proof. The expense always incident to the 
making of a Natural History collection is very great and the collection 
would be completely destroyed in case of fire, so it is desirable that the 
Museum be housed in a fire-proof building. This is being recognized 
as a necessity by most of our leading institutions and public museums. 

C. Greenhouse and Vivarium. With our long winters it is a con- 
tinual problem to arrange to have proper material for the work in both 
Botany and Zoology and there is no provision for caring for material 
in Entomology. A decided need of the department is some addition, 
connected with the laboratory, in which living material may be kept. 
At present we depend upon a small, cold room in the basement of 
Coburn Hall, together with aquaria and covered glass boxes put upon 
the laboratory tables. At an expense of only a few hundred dollars, 
three or four, I should think, it would be possible to make a small 
greenhouse connected with the basement of Coburn Hall and heated by 
the steam plant in that building. It would be very desirable to have 
this greenhouse arranged so that it would be possible to add to it and 
make a place for aquaria to keep many of the lower animals, needed 
for class work. This plan has been wonderfully successfully arranged 
at the University of Pennsylvania, where they have not only fresh water 
but salt water aquaria and breeding pens for pigeons, rabbits, etc., in 
which material for laboratory work is kept, and where experiments on 
inheritance can be made. The salt water aquaria are so arranged that 
the water is filtered through sand and kept at a constant density by 
adding fresh water. The water is pumped into tanks where it is satu- 
rated with air, and is then allowed to run down into the aquaria again. 
Situated as we are, near the sea, a plant like this would be practical 
and very useful to the department. I believe that this plant cost the 
University of Pennsylvania about $7,000. 

2. Apparatus. 

Laboratory. The past term the number of students made it necessary 
to assign each microscope to at least two different students and some- 
times to three or four different students who used them at different 
periods during the day or different days of the week. Such an arrange- 
ment for such instruments as microscopes is unsatisfactory, as the stu- 
dent knowing he is not responsible for the instrument as others are 
using it, does not take the care that he otherwise would. Accordingly 
it is desirable to have enough microscopes to supply each student with 



44 UNIVERSITY OF MAINE 

one. This would call for about fifty and they cost $48.75 each. It is 
necessary to have more another year than we now have, and it is very 
desirable that we buy at least one-half this number immediately. The 
other pieces of apparatus that are needed are : 

2 Y dissecting microscopes, at $21.00 each $42 00 

1 erecting tube for microscopes 12 00 

2 aquaria stands, to be made by the U. of M. carpenter, 40 00 
1 case for models, to be made by the U. of M. carpenter, 125 00 
1 case for apparatus, to be made by the U. of M. car- 
penter 20 00 

1 pulse recording machine 25 00 

1 camera for field work 50 00 

1 photomicrographic camera 75 00 

1 Abbe Camera Lucida 16 00 

2 instructors' desks arranged for microscopic work.... 42 00 

8 adjustable stools for small laboratory 20 00 

1 set zoological charts 75 00 

1 bat skeleton 12 00 

1 human skeleton, with clutch standard 65 00 

1 monkey skeleton 22 00 

1 alligator skeleton 50 00 

1 codfish skeleton 18 25 

Other skeletons and models should be purchased as soon as the 
University can afford it, as they furnish, together with descriptions, 
about all of the available material for the study of important forms. 
A reasonable list of such material that would be used in class work 
every year would no doubt cost several hundred, probably more than 
one thousand dollars. The usual glassware and chemicals needed for 
running the department cost annually about $150.00 and must be added 
to the above items. If the new laboratory room can be had, desks for 
it would cost about $150.00. Stools for this room (15) would cost about 
$38.00. 

Museum. If it is possible to spare the room to extend the Museum, 
about twenty-four cases should be made. These should be arranged 
as wall cases and floor cases. As an estimate, I should say the cases 
would cost about $50.00 each and this would amount to $1,200.00. Pos- 
sibly if built by the U. of M. carpenter the expense would not be so 
great. Exhibition trays for the specimens to be placed in should be 
purchased and would probably cost two or three hundred dollars. 

A museum should be properly labelled in order that students and 
visitors may not only learn the names of the animals, but something 
about their habits, distribution, abundance and uses to man. To have 
such labels it is necessary to have rather large cards, which would have 
to * be printed. These labels could be printed at much less expense 
to the University and less bother to the department, if we had a printing 
press. I should estimate from the prices that I have seen that a satis- 
factory printing press, type and stock would cost about $175.00. The 



DEPARTMENT of BIOLOGY 45 

room ill the basement that is needed for pressing and mounting plants 
could be used for the printing equipment at present. 

Our present Museum cases are in bad condition, due to their having 
been moved from the room below, to their present position. The floors 
of Coburn Hall are not level and the cases have been sprung from their 
original shape, so in some cases the doors do not close. It is impossible 
to fight the moths which have already become established in the bird 
and mammal skins, without tight cases, and they should be repaired 
immediately. This can be done by cutting the flanges from the doors 
and putting on rubber weather strips. This repairing should not cost 
more than twenty or twenty-five dollars. 

3. Department Help. 

Under the present arrangement I am expected to oversee the work 
in all of the branches of the department. With the importance of Botany 
to the technical departments of the institution, it is very desirable that 
it should be made a separate department, under a thoroughly competent 
botanist. The present arrangement is probably as satisfactory as can 
be arranged until that department is established, but more help is needed 
in the laboratory in some of the courses. The Botanical instructor is 
expected not only to give work upon General Botany, such as would 
be of interest to the ordinary college student, but to give the Botany 
that is required by the Departments of Agriculture, Forestry, and Phar- 
macy. In order to get the best results it will be necessary to have at 
least a professor and an instructor in this department. 

With the great economic importance of insects there is, of course, 
very much demand for work in Entomology by students in the Agri- 
cultural department. Entomology, while really a branch of Zoology, 
is very distinct, especially its economic aspects, and it takes a specialist 
in this line to do the work satisfactorily. I have no doubt that it would 
be possible to get an instructor in Entomology, probably at a salary 
of about $800.00, who would for the present do this work very satis- 
factorily and make collections, especially of the economic insects of 
Maine, to be used in class work. Such a collection is not in the insti- 
tution and it is frequently very discouraging to try to teach the subject 
with so few forms to be referred to. 

If anything is to be done with the Museum, even if it is to be saved 
from destruction, it will be necessary to have a person whose duty it 
is to care for the material. It has been and will no doubt continue to 
be quite impossible for me to attend to it. To get a satisfactory person 
as Curator of the Museum it will be necessary probably to pay as much 
as $800.00 to begin with, with the understanding that he shall be allowed 
to work up to the salary of a full professor. Any other arrangement 
should be looked upon as only a makeshift for the present. 

A great need of the department is to have a man who is capable of 
doing some mechanical work, such as repairing or even making simple 
instruments, mounting skeletons and the like. Such a man should also 
see to the cleaning of the Museum cases, take the care of the appliances 
in the laboratory and do the general cleaning up. There is hardly 



46 UNIVERSITY OF MAINE 

another important Biological laboratory in my knowledge that has not 
such a man. 

In the line of instruction, it seems very desirable that there should 
be a course in advanced Physiology that should include laboratory 
work as well as lecture work. The present course in Physiology is not 
sufficient for those students who intend to go into medicine or to special- 
ize in the line of Zoology even as high school teachers. A course in 
General Zoology that would deal principally with birds and mammals 
but treat also of fishes, amphibia and reptiles, is a need that many people 
feel, and that would be a distinct advantage for those who are preparing 
to teach, as well as for those in the Departments of Agriculture and 
Forestry, who must deal with animals more or less in their work. It 
has been impossible to find time to give a course in Embryology. This 
year, for the first time, I am giving Embryological instruction, using the 
chick and the frog as examples. This is given to four advanced students 
and is given under the head of Advanced Zoology. For those who are 
training themselves in Zoology, Embryology, both of the vertebrates 
and the lower forms, is absolutely essential and certainly should be 
included among our regular studies. 

While it is possible to carry on the work with the present kind of 
assistants who are just finishing or have just finished their college course, 
for the best success it is desirable to have trained instructors, who will 
know what to do without being told, and not make it necessary for the 
head of the department to constantly give instruction to those who are 
to instruct the students. When so many laboratory methods must be 
understood, much time is consumed in giving such instruction, that 
could be much more profitably devoted to something else if the 
instructors did not require it. 
4. Library. 

Like all other departments, the department of Biology is greatly in 
need of reference books and journals. Many of the journals are very 
expensive, as the articles must frequently be well illustrated with expen- 
sive figures, but for all of the advanced students as well as for the 
instructors, it is essential that these journals should be where they can 
be referred to. Without reference to the original literature it is impos- 
sible to know what has been done in the special lines, so only the repeat- 
ing of work already done can be attempted until it is possible to get at 
the literature. Advanced students cannot be expected to make even 
infrequent trips to the libraries of Boston and it is frequently impossible 
to borrow the required literature or even to find where the needed 
articles are published. 

A list of desirable books and periodicals is being prepared for the 
Librarian, which, while it will be by no means complete, will cover the 
needs that are constantly arising. 
5. Repairs. 

Some improvements are greatly needed in the rooms occupied by the 
department. The window curtains in the main laboratory are worn 
out and should be replaced. The walls and ceilings have been greatly 



DEPARTMENT OK BIOLOGY 47 

damaged in making the changes in the rooms above and by water, and 
should be repaired and painted. The blackboard in the lecture room 
is in bad condition and the repairing on it during the past years has 
not been successful. A new composition board is needed. The com- 
plete absence of any system of ventilation in Coburn Hall makes crowded 
lecture rooms almost unbearable as well as positively dangerous. To 
this is added a heating plant that is uncontrollable. It is impossible 
to turn off the steam in the lecture room, probably because of necessary 
connections with the rooms above. This should be remedied and if 
possible some system of ventilation arranged. 

I trust that this report will cover your needs, but if other information 
is desired I will be glad to furnish it. 

Respectfully submitted, 

GILMAN A. DREW, 

Professor of Biology. 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF CHEMISTRY 



President George E. Fellows: 

Since writing my last report a few changes in the teaching force 
under my direction have taken place. Dr. M. Hume Bedford is now 
in charge of Elementary Chemistry and Qualitative Analysis. Mr. R. L. 
Seabury, B. S., teaches Biological and Agricultural Chemistry and 
assists me in the quantitative laboratory. Mr. Willis F. Washburn 
assists in Qualitative Analysis. These instructors have done the work 
required of them in a very efficient and satisfactory manner. 

A new course in Physical Chemistry has been introduced and will 
be given on alternate years. 

With the exception of a forced draught for ventilation and a room 
for water analysis fitted up in the cellar, the needs of the department 
are practically what they were two years ago, only they have become 
more urgent than ever owing to the increasing number of students that 
have to be accommodated in our laboratories. We not only need larger 
rooms, but a number of rooms for special purposes. It is, I think, 
impossible to enlarge and change Fernald Hall in such a manner as 
to convert it into an up-to-date laboratory; the most satisfactory solu- 
tion of the question is the erection of a large modern laboratory fitted 
to our present and probable future needs. We are now working at great 
disadvantage and will continue to do so unless something is done for 
our relief. For several years no appropriation has been received by this 
department except for the purchase of a balance, so it has become 
imperative that a fair sum of money be made available for apparatus 
if we are to equal in equipment other institutions of our size and 
standing. 

The following is a list of apparatus of which we are most in need : a 
polarizing saccharimeter, assay furnaces, spectroscope, balances, weights, 
platinum ware, ore crusher, mortars of agate and steel, glassware, 
apparatus for gas analysis, calorimeter, apparatus for electro-chemical 
analysis. All of this apparatus will not cost more than $3,000. Our 
library is very deficient in modern works of reference on chemical sub- 
jects and full sets of chemical periodicals. These are indispensable for 
advanced or research work. A small beginning could be made for 
$1,000; this followed by annual appropriations of $500 would soon give 
us a fair working library. 

I cannot close my report without referring to the fact that our gas 
supply is very unsatisfactory. The machine in use is too old to be 
properly repaired without considerable expense. It would be more 
profitable to replace it by a new and improved one. 

Respectfully submitted, 

A. B. AUBERT, 

Professor of Chemistry. 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL 
ENGINEERING. 



October 20, 1906. 
President G. E. Fellows: 

Sir: — I herewith submit the following report and recommendations 
of the Department of Civil Engineering. 

It is now two years since the establishment of the Department of 
Mechanics and Drawing, and the subsequent relief from this department 
of the oversight and teaching of these subjects. The result has been 
beneficial in allowing the Department of Civil Engineering to concen- 
trate its efforts along purely engineering lines. New courses have been 
added and former courses broadened and improved. 

On the completion of Lord Hall the space in Wingate Hall vacated 
by the Departments of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering was 
divided as follows : The South drawing-room, which up to this time 
had been used jointly by the Departments of Civil Engineering, and 
Mechanics and Drawing, was refitted with tables and occupied by this 
department. The north drawing-room was taken by the Department 
of Mechanics and Drawing. The drawing-room on the first floor was 
converted into a recitation room, with a large board space, and is occu- 
pied by the Department of Civil Engineering. The office formerly used 
by the professor of Electrical Engineering is now used by the professor 
of Mechanics and Drawing, while that formerly used by the professor 
of Mechanical Engineering has been converted into a laboratory for the 
use of the Department of Physics. The remaining three recitation 
rooms are used chiefly by the two departments, although it has been 
found necessary to have some classes in mathematics scheduled at 
times when they are not in use. This has its disadvantages, but owing 
to the lack of available space for recitation rooms it seems impossible 
to make other arrangements. 

At the time of this change it appeared that both departments would 
have enough space for several years, but at the present time the avail- 
able space is not adequate for the number of students registered. The 
reason for this is twofold. First, the increased number of students, 
and second, the increase in the number of courses. 

The increase in the number of students results in the necessity for 
more divisions in a subject. An illustration of this is the number 
registered for Descriptive Geometry; previously it has been very easy 



50 UNIVERSITY OF MAINE 

to handle this number in three divisions, but this year they are badly 
congested, and it will probably be necessary to divide them hereafter 
into four divisions. This results in either more rooms being required, 
or more work for the instructor, or both. 

The increase in the number of courses given is the expected result 
from the creation of the Department of Mechanics and Drawing. 

The congestion in drawing-room space is also augmented by a neces- 
sary change in the time scheme whereby all freshman drawing, previ- 
ously coming in the morning, now comes in the afternoon. This results 
in the two large drawing-rooms on the third floor being idle during the 
morning hours. If the time scheme could be changed to admit the use 
of these rooms during the entire day this congestion would be satis- 
factorily relieved. This, however, does not seem to be possible so long 
as an elective schedule is allowed for engineering students. Many 
things in the engineering departments would be simplified, and better 
results obtained if the courses could be required without allowing elec- 
tives. It would appear, from the number of students registered outside 
of the College of Engineering, that this is now possible without injury 
to any other department. 

During the past two years the juniors have been required to attend 
a surveying summer school for two weeks following Commencement. 
Although this results in a hardship to some students who wish to leave 
college early in the spring on engineering work, it has been a decided 
success, and it is earnestly recommended that this be extended to the 
sophomore class. About the same conditions prevail with this class 
in the surveying work of the spring that prevailed with the juniors 
before the change of their field work, the large number taking this 
course preventing proper instruction and practice during the short time 
that it is possible to be out in the field in this climate. These con- 
ditions could be largely overcome by having the work come as a summer 
school. This scheme is in practice in many institutions. 

It is to be regretted that an interchange of courses is not possible 
between the three engineering departments. Up to the present time 
the only course given by any of the departments which could be elected 
by students outside of that particular department has been the course in 
surveying and field work. There are certain other courses which it is 
desirable, and in certain cases imperative, to include in the requirements 
of all of the engineering departments. There are other courses which 
should be given as short courses for the benefit of students in the other 
branches of engineering. This is not possible to any great extent owing 
to the lack of space, equipment, and instruction. It is, however, being 
tried this year, in a small way, chiefly at the sacrifice of the time of 
the already overworked instructors, with the hope that it will later be 
possible to continue the work along broader lines under less severe 
conditions. 

Nearly all of the courses given in this department need to be broad- 
ened and strengthened. This can only be done by having instructors 
who are familiar with their subject, and by paying such men enough 






DEPARTMENT OE CIVH y ENGINEERING 51 

to keep them. Also by having a sufficient number of instructors so that 
such time as may be necessary may be devoted to the subjects taught. 
Under the present conditions the number of subjects that must be 
handled by each instructor prevents the best class of work being done. 

I would recommend the follownig as being conservative for the 
faculty in this department : The head of the department, who shall 
have direct charge of Structural, and advanced Hydraulic Engineering; 
an assistant professor, who shall have charge of the designing and assist 
the head of the department in classroom work; an assistant professor 
who shall have charge of the Railroad Engineering and Surveying; two 
instructors who shall be paid at least the maximum instructors' salary, 
and possibly a tutor or instructor to divide with the Department of 
Mechanics and Drawing for problem work, drawing-room work, etc. 
In numbers this amounts to about two more than we have at present, 
the chief addition being in increased salary, which increase is necessary 
in order to obtain the right engineers for the work. 

Under the existing conditions the heads of the engineering depart- 
ments, in order to make their departments successful, must devote so 
much time to college work that no time is left for private practice. 
That this latter is necessary, if the engineer is to keep abreast with 
the engineering world and not become a back number, must be conceded 
by every liberal-minded person. 

Another need of the department is more instruments. At least two 
new transits and two new levels should be added to the equipment. 
The estimated cost of the four instruments is from $800 to $950. 

More and better cement testing machinery is needed to the amount 
of $1,000. 

The available engineering library is not sufficient for the needs of 
the department. At least $300 should be expended for this department 
alone. A partial list is attached. 

During the past two years several engineers have been secured to 
deliver lectures before the students on different engineering subjects. 
Such men are willing to come with no fee beyond their expenses. As 
the list includes men from Washington, Boston, etc., the expenses, at 
times, are considerable. In general this is paid by the students, who 
realize the help to be obtained from such lectures. A small fund should 
be available from the treasury to meet such expenses. 

One of the chief additions to the department has been the conversion 
of waste space on the third floor into a filing-room for drawings. This 
allows the systematic filing of plans, working drawings, etc., obtained 
from different sources, in a manner that they may be used to advantage 
by the students. 

The only additions in the way of instruments for the past two years 
consist of a Price Current Meter of the same form as that used by 
the U. S. Geological Survey, and a Triangulation Transit, reading to 
10". These are both excellent instruments. 

The U. S. Geological Survey gaging station at West Enfield has been 
almost entirely carried on during the past two years by the students 
of this department in a satisfactory manner. 



52 UNIVERSITY OF MAINE 

A laboratory for testing materials, hydraulic work, etc., is needed for 
the use of all engineering students. Such a laboratory should be in 
a building by itself, and contain much expensive machinery and testing 
apparatus. It will probably be unwise to attempt anything along this 
line until it is possible to house such apparatus in a satisfactory manner. 

It is generally known that an engineering course, extending over four 
years, contains about five years' work. With this fact before us it 
would seem that for engineering students at least, Saturday work is 
imperative. Many of the higher class of technical institutions have 
Saturday forenoon, or in some cases, all day, in their regular schedule. 
This of course depends somewhat upon the pay and required time of 
the instructors. 

Respectfully submitted, 

H. S. BOARDMAN, 
Professor of Civil Engineering. 



BOOKS FOR DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING 

Index to Periodical Technical Literature published by Engineer- 
ing Magazine : 

Vol. I, 1884-1891 $5 00 

Vol. II, 1892-1895 5 00 

Vol. Ill, 1896-1900 7 50 

Experimental Engineering. Carpenter, Wiley 600 

The Civil Engineer's Pocket Book. Trautwine, Wiley (Last 

Edition) 5 00 

Mechanics of Engineering. Church, Wiley 6 00 

The Elasticity and Resistance of the Materials of Engineering. 

Burr, Wiley 7 50 

The Materials of Construction. Johnson, Wiley 6 00 

Steel. Metcalf, Wiley 2 00 

Mechanics of Materials. Merriman, Wiley 5 00 

A Treatise on Concrete, Plain and Reinforced. Taylor & 

Thompson, Wiley 5 00 

The Materials of Engineering. Thurston, Wiley : 

Part I 2 00 

Part II • 3 50 

Pumping Machinery. Barr, Lippincott 5 00 

Hydraulics and Hydraulic Machinery. Blaine, Spoil 5 00 

Hydraulic Motors and Turbines. Bodmer, Van Nostrand 5 00 

Hydraulic Rams. Clark, Batsford 70 

Water Power. Frizell, Wiley 5 00 

Water Works for Small Cities and Towns. Goodell, McGraw. . 2 00 

Towers and Tanks for Water Works. Hazelhurst, Wiley 2 50 

Hydraulic Power Engineering. Marks, Van Nostrand 350 

Irrigation Institutions. Mead, Macmillan 1 25 






DEPARTMENT 0L< CIVII, ENGINEERING 53 

A Treatise on Hydraulics. Merriman, Wiley (Last Edition) . . 5 00 

Irrigation in the United States. Newell, Crowell & Co 2 00 

Hydraulic Power and Hydraulic Machinery. Robinson, Lippin- 

cott 9 00 

Manufacture and Properties of Iron and Steel. Campbell, Sci- 
entific Pub. Co 5 00 

Iron and Steel Manufacture. Macmillan 1 00 

Steel, Its Metallurgy and Treatment. Harbord & Hull, Griffin, 9 00 

An Elementary Textbook of Metallurgy. Sexton, Lippincott. . 2 25 

The Metallurgy of Iron. Turner, Lippincott 4 50 

A Treatise on Masonry Construction. Baker, Wiley 5 00 

A Text Book on Field Astronomy. Comstock, Wiley 2 50 

A Treatise on Surveying. Two Vols. Gillespie, Appleton.... 5 00 

Text Book of Geodetic Astronomy. Hayford, Wiley 3 00 

Theory and Practice of Surveying. Johnson, Wiley 4 00 

Elements of Precise Surveying. Merriman, Wiley 250 

Text Book on Roofs and Bridges. Four Vols. Merriman & 

Jacoby, Wiley (Last Edition) 10 00 

A Practical Treatise on Foundations. Patton, Wiley 5 00 

Surveying Manual. Pence & Ketchum. Eng. News (Last 

Edition) 2 00 

Tunneling. Prelini, Van Nostrand 3 00 

De Pontibus. Waddell, Wiley 3 00 

Engineering and Architectural Jurisprudence. Wait, Wiley. ... 6 00 

Municipal Engineering and Sanitation. Baker, Macmillan 1 25 

Water and Public Health. Fuertes, Wiley 1 50 

Sanitary Engineering. Gerhard 1 25 

Elements of Sanitary Engineering. Merriman, Wiley 200 

The Principles of Sanitary Science and the Public Health. 

Sedgwick, Macmillan 3 00 

Public Water Supplies. Turneaure & Russell, Wiley 5 00 

Road Making and Maintenance. Aitken, London 6 00 

A Treatise on Roads and Pavements. Baker, Wiley 5 00 

Highway Construction. Byrne, Wiley 5 00 

City Roads and Pavements. Judson, Eng. News 200 

The Block System of Signalling on American Railroads. Adams, 

Railroad Gazette Pub. Co 2 00 

Railroad Curves and Earthwork. Allen, Spon (Last Edition) . . 2 00 
American Railway, Its Construction and Development. Clark, 

Scribner 3 00 

Locomotive Engine Running and Management. Sinclair, Wiley, 2 00 

Railway Track and Track Work. Tratman, Eng. News 3 00 

Economic Theory of Railway Location. Wellington, Eng. News, 5 00 

Modern Locomotives. R. R. Gazette Pub. Co 7 00 

Influence Lines for Bridges and Roofs. Burr & Falk, Wiley. . 3 00 

Graphic Statics. Sondericker, Wiley 2 00 

Stresses in Bridge and Roof Trusses, Arched Rib., etc. Burr, 

Wiley 3 50 



54 UNIVERSITY OF MAINE 

Mechanics of Engineering. Du Bois, Vol. 2, Wiley 10 oo 

Design and Construction of Dams. Wegmann, Wiley 5 oo 

Railroad Construction. Webb, Wiley 5 oo 

Field Manual. Nagle, Wiley 3 oo 

Transition Curve. Crandall, Wiley I 50 

Proceedings of the Institute of Civil Engineers (English) ...... 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS 
AND SOCIOLOGY 



President G. E. Fellows: 

Sir: — Professor Rogers is on leave of absence for one year and is 
lecturing in the Law School of the University of Illinois. I am con- 
ducting the work of the department while he is away. 

At the beginning of this year several changes, with the approval of 
the faculty, were made. The name of the department was changed 
from "Civics" to "Economics and Sociology," and the courses now 
offered are as follows : First term : Political Economy, Anthropology 
and Sociology, International Law, and Governments of Europe; second 
term : Money, Banking and Finance, Practical Social Reform, Business 
Law, and Governments of America. 

In each course of study the first term is devoted to the introductory 
work and the study of principles, while the second term is given to the 
practical operation of the economic, social, and political institutions. 

I will not attempt to compare this year's work with that of the past, 
because the revised courses have been in operation only a few weeks 
and I am not sufficiently acquainted with the condition of previous 
years. But two needs of the department are apparent to all, viz., a 
constantly growing department library for collateral reading, and a 
good outfit of modern maps and charts. 

Respectfully submitted, 

ROBERT J. SPRAGUE, 
Acting Professor of Economics and Sociology. 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 



President G. E. Fellows: 

Sir: — A report from the Department of Education must of necessity- 
be a report of scope, plans, and needs, since the department, being less 
than two months old, has little work for record. 

First, then, as to its field of activity: The special task for a Univer- 
sity Department of Education is the training of high school teachers, 
principals of schools, and superintendents of town, village, and city 
schools. The training of principals and superintendents, however, in- 
volves the study of the problems of the elementary schools from the 
standpoint of administration and supervision, but does not include the 
practice teaching so necessary for the teacher in such schools and so 
effectively given in the normal schools. The University Department 
of Education, therefore, does not contemplate duplication of the work 
of the normal schools, but will attempt to satisfy demands that are 
of growing insistence as calls for trained superintendents multiply and 
the high schools advance in efficiency. 

The field of the department is not, however, limited to the needs of 
the student body; teachers in active service have claims upon it for 
instruction and advice, and administrative school officers may rightfully 
ask for the collection and publication of data bearing upon the pro- 
fession of education, and these demands the department will attempt 
to satisfy as rapidly as may prove practicable. 

The work undertaken in this first semester may be summarized as 
follows : Courses in the History of Education, in Organization and 
Administration, and in General Methodology have been instituted and 
have been taken by reasonable numbers, the beginning course having 
a very satisfactory attendance while the advanced classes are small as 
is usual in a new department. The first two courses will continue 
through the year, but Special Methodology will displace General Method- 
ology the second term that each student may specialize in his own 
department; for these students such arrangements as may prove prac- 
ticable for direct classroom experience in instruction will be made. 

Further, a preliminary organization of teachers' courses has been 
made, providing for one regular Saturday extension class and another 
evening lecture course which teachers from the district accessible, viz., 
from Milo, Brownville, Old Town, Orono, Veazie, Bangor and Brewer, 
expect to attend. 



DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 57 

A beginning has also been made in meeting with teachers in associ- 
ations and other educational gatherings. 

So far as the plans for next year have yet shaped themselves, they 
include the addition of courses in School Hygiene and Child Study; an 
investigation of the conditions of work for teachers in this State who 
receive less than $300 as their living wage for a year's services ; the 
gathering of much fugitive material in programs, courses of study, 
reports of superintendents and educational bodies for reference in the 
work of the department, and the strengthening of the work already 
undertaken. 

As is usual in the organization of a new department, the Department 
of Education has imperative needs. First is the need of a classroom 
which can also be used as a seminar and lecture room — two classes meet 
at present in the building of the Experiment Station and one in the 
hall of Engineering; this need, I understand, will be provided for within 
a few months. There is also need of models and charts particularly 
adapted to the requirements of the teachers' lecture courses. These 
should include models of the eye and ear that will show more clearly 
the mechanism for the transmission of vibrations to nerve filaments than 
is usual or necessary in models for teaching physiology; wall charts are 
needed for the instruction of large lecture classes of teachers. The new 
courses in School Hygiene and in Child Study will require a consider- 
able reference library in books and periodicals ; the library for the present 
courses should also be supplemented and strengthened in some particu- 
lars. Some clerical labor and incidental expense will necessarily be 
required for bringing any investigation to a fruitful issue ; it would 
seem to be the duty of a State University to serve the State through 
investigation, and there is no field in which effective and economical 
administration by the State depends more directly upon such investi- 
gations than in education, and none, I may add, where reliable investi- 
gation is more difficult through the lack of useful local data. Lastly, 
the calls for visits to schools distant from the University for consulta- 
tion, inspection, and advice, and for meetings with associations and 
groups of teachers are likely to increase rapidly, and provision should 
be made for the necessary expense involved. 

Respectfully submitted, 

CHARLES DAVIDSON, 

Professor of Education. 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL 
ENGINEERING. 



October 31, 1906. 
President G. E. Fellows: 

Sir: — The work of the Electrical Engineering Department is greatly 
hampered through lack of equipment for demonstration purposes and 
for the laboratory; and the department is gradually falling behind, 
in comparison with the electrical course given in other educational 
institutions, in its facilities for developing an efficient and modern 
Electrical Engineering course, owing to the comparatively small amount 
of funds available in the past for keeping pace with the progress made 
along this line of work. Our course needs a complete reorganization 
to meet the requirements of modern practice, and to produce results 
that mean a real technical training rather than an imitation of such; 
to accomplish this means the assistance of appropriate rather than elabo- 
rate equipment; and the amount of funds necessary is not unreasonable 
with the circumstances and resources involved; the benefit resulting 
will be many times the cash value of the investment of about $5,000 
for equipment and about $5,500 per year for total running expenses 
(present annual expense about $3,000), as shown on the accompany- 
ing sheets giving details. 

It is greatly desired to give the Electrical Engineering students a 
broader fundamental training in Mechanical and Civil Engineering; the 
lack of such training being one of the weak points of the Electrical course. 
By increasing the efficiency of the teaching of the purely electrical work, 
with the assistance of proper equipment, more time will be available 
for this general engineering training; it being recognized that a broader 
training both in engineering and in general culture is more appropriate 
and more efficient for the coming engineer than a highly specialized 
training in one line of engineering only; the broader the fundamental 
training the greater the specialist developed later in actual practice. 
The Mechanical and Civil Engineering Departments wish to give their 
students a fundamental and appropriate training in Electrical Engineer- 
ing. This means an increase in the staff of the three engineering 
departments in the very near future; and if we are to develop our 
engineering courses to greater usefulness and worth, some provision 
must be made for such a desirable increase. 

The Electrical course has been developed to a point where practical 
original research work is very desirable for the senior students, as a 
valuable addition to their training. To intelligently carry on research 
work requires the development of a good technical reference library, 
so that work done in the past be not duplicated; at present we have 



DEPARTMENT 01? E^ECTRICAI, ENGINEERING 59 

little or nothing in reference books along this line of work. It is 
earnestly hoped that suitable provision will be made for such a technical 
library, in the very near future. 

Last spring a trip was taken which enabled the senior students to 
visit some of the large electrical and other manufacturing and operating 
companies throughout New England. This trip gave the students a 
broader and more practical view of engineering work than it was pos- 
sible to give at the University. A student can sometimes settle in his 
own mind just what line of work he wishes to take up after graduation 
by having the opportunity to observe the general types of engineering 
practice, and thus save himself several months or more of energy and 
time in getting started at once in a life's work most appropriate to his 
character, ability, and liking. It is planned to make at least one such 
tour each year. There will be some small expense to the University 
in sending an instructor to conduct the excursion. 

The student organization known as the "Electrical and Mechanical 
Engineering Society" deserves every assistance from the department 
and from the University; and as Orono is a considerable distance from 
the center of general engineering practice, it is very desirable to have 
engineers of high standing lecture before this student body on the 
particular phase of engineering work in which they are engaged, not 
only to broaden the point of view of the student, but to have the oppor- 
tunity of knowing even a little of the character, personality, and experi- 
ence of men who are successful in their profession. At times there are 
expenses involved in securing such men beyond the means of the student 
society; and it is hoped that there will be funds available in the future 
to assist as far as reasonable in bringing appropriate lecturers to the 
University. 

A conservative outline of the expense necessary to attain the above 
conditions is as follows, the details being given on the accompanying- 
sheets. This includes only the expense that is almost absolutely neces- 
sary to provide for the recent increase in the number of students of from 
fifty to one hundred per cent in the sophomore and freshman classes, 
registered for the Electrical Engineering course, and to give a reasonably 
good fundamental technical training to from twenty to twenty-five per 
cent of the total number of students attending the University: 

Laboratory equipment very urgently needed $2,000 00 

Additional laboratory equipment, to cover the funda- 
mental points only of the several branches of Electrical 

Engineering work 1,920 00 

Fundamental demonstration apparatus, for classroom 
work 755 00 

Equipment $4,675 00 net 

Annual running expenses of the department $5,440 00 

Respectfully submitted, 

W. K. GANONG, 

Professor of Electrical Engineering. 



60 UNIVERSITY OF MAINE 



APPENDIX TO REPORT OF DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL 
ENGINEERING 

November i, 1906. 
President G. E. Fellows: 

Sir: — In order to have the essential equipment in the laboratory 
to meet the advanced work of our present senior class, it is greatly 
desired to order at once as much of the following apparatus as the 
University can reasonably afford this year. These prices are as low as 
we have been able to secure; and possibly a portion of the material 
can be located as second-hand, with price accordingly : 

Four indicating wattmeters, 5 K. W. each $152 00 net 

Two A. C. portable ammeters 30 00 

Two A. C. portable voltmeters 38 00 

One 10 H. P. three-phase induction motor 161 00 

Two transformers, 6 K. W. each 120 00 



$501 00 
Respectfully submitted, 

W. K. GANONG, 
Professor of Electrical Engineering. 

Laboratory Apparatus, Very Urgently Needed 

One 10-horsepower, three-phase induction motor $161 00 net 

Four Thompson indicating wattmeters $152 00 

Five Thompson portable ammeters 75 00 

Four Thompson portable voltmeters 76 00 

One low-reading alternating current voltmeter 

Seven switchboard instruments for alternating current 

work; and illustrating modern switchboard equipment, 

One series instrument transformer 

One voltage instrument transformer 

Rheostats and resistances about 

One 15-horsepower variable speed motor 

Two special two-phase to three-phase transformers, 12 

K. W 

Three single-phase transformers, 4 K. W. each 

One three-phase Westinghouse generator, or rotary, 12 

K. W 

One mercury arc rectifier, complete 

Fundamental apparatus for telephone engineering 



303 


00 


46 


49 


308 83 


7 29 


13 


83 


►out 100 


00 


3i8 


00 


120 


00 


120 


00 


320 


00 


100 


00 


74 


06 


$1,993 40 net 



department of electrical engineering 6l 

Additional Laboratory Apparatus, Necessary for a Modern 
Although Simple Equipment 

Extension of our common wooden switchboard, increase 
of laboratory resistances, rheostats, variable induct- 
ances, etc $200 oo 

A 500-volt 25 H. P. railway motor, complete with con- 
troller 366 00 

A single-phase railway motor, for alternating and direct 

current, complete with controlling apparatus 400 00 

To develop apparatus for lighting systems, including arc 
lamps, mercury vapor lamps, tantlum lamps, etc. ; also 
a constant current transformer. For demonstration 
and testing purposes 120 00 

Transmission and absorption dynamometer, speed indi- 
cators, tachometers, etc 150 00 

A combination alternating current generator and motor 

manufactured by the General Electric Company 675 00 

$1,911 00 net 
Note. — This does not give an elaborate laboratory equipment, but 
covers the necessary facilities for the fundamental work required in 
an Electrical Engineering course. 

In addition to the above, it is very desirable to have a standardization 
laboratory, such as is necessary with the large electrical manufacturing 
and operating companies and with first-class and second-class Electrical 
Engineering courses. For this we have neither room nor facilities. 

Demonstration Apparatus, Required in Connection with Class- 
room Work to Demonstrate Fundamental Principles 

Large demonstration instruments, ammeter, voltmeter, 

wattmeter $200 00 

A simple special fundamental generator and motor, one 
for direct current and one for polyphase alternating 
current 60 00 

A direct current and an alternating current electro- 
magnet, an auto-transformer and high-frequency 
experimental apparatus (special). (The U. S. Elec- 
trical Supply Company, Mount Vernon, N. Y.) 150 00 

A small motor-generating set 50 00 

Types of switches, fuses, circuit-breakers, lightning 
arresters, simple rheostats, etc 120 00 

A special Department Lantern (for Electrical and 
Mechanical Departments) "Reflectoscope." (A. T. 
Thompson & Company, Madison Avenue, Boston) .... 175 00 



$755 00 
Note. — The above apparatus is in addition to what can be secured 
as gifts for demonstration purposes. 



62 UNIVERSITY OF MAINE 



Recommended Annual Running Expenses for the Electrical 
Department 

Thesis fund, and for repairs to laboratory (in addition 

to laboratory fees) per year $200 00 

This thesis fund is to cover some of the expenses 
connected with original investigation by the senior 
students ; in some cases for the construction of 
advanced special laboratory equipment, and demon- 
stration apparatus. 

Operating expenses for laboratory, for power, etc., to 
be covered by "Laboratory Fees." 

For yearly increase in laboratory equipment (in addition 
to the initial expense for equipment ■ as previously 
stated, in order to keep in touch with modern facili- 
ties), conservative average 400 00 

Department books and periodicals, to be located in the 

department building, per year 40 00 

Salaries (taking into account the development of the 
department in the near future) : 
Instructor, assistant professor, major instructor 4,800 00 

Annual running expenses of the department (not includ- 
ing initial expenditures for equipment) $5,440 00 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH 



President G. E. Fellows: 

Sir: — Since writing my last report several changes have been made 
in the Department of English, chief of which is an attempt to emphasize 
the value of the art of public speaking. To this end the services of 
Mr. Windsor P. Daggett, a graduate of Brown University and of the 
Leland T. Powers School of Vocal Expression, have been secured. 
Mr. Daggett brings to his work not only excellent scholarship and wide 
experience as a public reader, but an aptitude for teaching a difficult 
subject. Already an increased interest in public speaking and debating 
can be seen. Opportunity for advanced study in elocution has been 
made by the introduction of two new courses, so that the student after 
completing the required work in public speaking may elect an additional 
year's work of three hours per week. It is believed that these two 
courses will give those who are fitting themselves to become teachers 
in high schools and academies an excellent preparation for one branch 
of their work. 

In my last report I called your attention to the need of a better equip- 
ment of books for the study of English literature. Sometime during the 
early summer Professor Thompson and I made a list of the books for 
which there was the greatest present need. This list is too long for 
publication in this connection, as it comprises several hundred names. 
At present we have comparatively few complete sets of works, and those 
we do have are mostly bound in the cheapest and most unattractive 
manner. We ought to have standard books enough to illustrate every 
phase of the development of English literature from the earliest times 
to the present day. These need not be purchased all at once, but pro- 
vision should be made for a steady increase of books needed in the 
study of our language and literature. 

I wish to lay particular emphasis upon the desirability of purchasing 
at as early a day as possible the Oxford Dictionary. The publication 
of this work has now progressed so far that we may hope to see the 
final volume within a comparatively short time. Its scope is so great, 
its scholarship so accurate and exhaustive, that it is indispensable to 
the earnest student of English. The ordinary dictionary, however good, 
is no substitute for it. 

But perhaps the most pressing want of the department is readers- 
men who shall read and correct freshman and sophomore compositions. 



64 UNIVERSITY OF MAINE 

None but those who have had experience can appreciate the amount of 
labor involved in teaching composition to a class of one hundred and 
fifty students. Modern methods call for daily themes, the reading of 
which means an appalling amount of work for the instructor. At pres- 
ent we cannot come fully up to this requirement, but we must do so if 
we are to keep abreast of the times. The appointment of even a single 
reader would help to solve the problem of daily themes. 

Before closing I wish to express my hearty appreciation of the work 
of my colleagues in the department. Their unfailing enthusiasm and 
generous devotion to the interests of the University are all that the most 
exacting could demand. 

HORACE M. ESTABROOKE, 

Professor of English. 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF FORESTRY 



President G. E. Fellows: 

Sir: — I have the honor to submit herewith a report of the Depart- 
ment of Forestry. 

In the college year of 1905 and 1906 37 students elected courses in 
Forestry. Of this number 17 registered for Forestry as a major sub- 
ject. At the beginning of the college year of 1904 there were 10 names 
recorded for Forestry as a major subject. At the opening of the school 
year of 1906 there were 26 students who majored in Forestry besides 
4 taking special work. Of this number 12 are registered in the freshman 
class* as against 4 last year. This very material increase in the regis- 
tration for Forestry is good evidence that there is a demand for instruc- 
tion in this subject and that it is an increasing one in the State. Ade- 
quate provision must be made to meet the demands for training in 
Forestry, not only those which the increased attendance enforces but 
those which the profession itself entails. The lack of aid to give the 
necessary instruction limits the work of the department and is seriously 
felt. 

The course in Forestry has been changed from a 25-credit basis to 
one of 30 credits. Two courses have been added which are a continu- 
ation of former ones, so that now the courses in Forest Measurements 
which were given only in the fall term are continued in the spring term. 
The tentative course which had been provided for the junior and senior 
years has been rearranged and a definite schedule provided. We believe 
that the courses in Forestry are equal to the courses of a like character 
and of equal extent offered by other institutions. During the year 
instruction in Forestry was given in nine different courses, four of which 
continue more than one semester. The courses and the number of 
students taking each are as follows : 

General Forestry 18 

School course in Forestry 3 

Silviculture 5 

Field work in Silviculture $ 

Forest Measurements 6 

Field and office work in Forest Measurements 6 

Lumbering 6 

Forest Management 6 

Thesis in Forest Management 6 

61 



66 UNIVERSITY OF MAINE 

In addition to conducting the above courses attention must be given 
to the correspondence of the department and this takes no small amount 
of time. Many letters have been received making inquiries regarding 
different phases of forestry, such as the management of wood-lots, the 
handling of certain kinds of tree seeds, the time to plant trees, the 
species to plant, etc. In view of the advance movement in forestry 
throughout the whole United States there is good reason to believe that 
the number of such inquiries will continue to increase. Provision for 
this important line of work should, therefore, be made at an early date. 

The University wood-lot has received due attention and the data col- 
lected, tabulated and put in proper form by the students will be used as 
a guide in regulating the cutting and improving the condition of the 
woods. The planting of 2,000 white pine seedlings included a part of 
the practice work for the spring term. One-half pound of white pine 
seed was purchased and sown in the College nursery. 

An addition has been made to the equipment of the department by 
the purchase of tools and instruments for use in the practical work. 
The list consists of tree calipers, hypsometers for obtaining the height 
of standing trees, Pressler's increment borers, steel tapes, compass, 
staff head, mirror right-angle finder, tally sheet holders and planting 
tools. 

A visit was made to the State Normal Schools during the fall term 
and a general talk on forestry given at each. This was followed by 
a second visit in the spring made in conjunction with a visit by Mr. 
Dick J. Crosby of the Office of Experiment Stations, Washington, D. C, 
who gave helpful and instructive talks on school ground improvement 
and suggestions for the use of native trees and plants for the purpose. 
The department is co-operating in other ways with the Superintendent 
of Public Instruction in introducing instruction in forestry in the Normal 
Schools. The schools at Castine and Gorham have already begun the 
work and it is understood that two others are planning to do so this 
year. 

An exhibit was prepared for the Maine Farming Special, wood-lot 
management being represented as one of the features. The general 
interest manifested in the work only partially represented by the exhibit 
was a source of much satisfaction and a criterion of the need of such 
work in the State. 

Respectfully submitted, 

GORDON E.. TOWER, 

Professor of Forestry. 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF GERMANIC 
LANGUAGES 



October 31, 1906. 
President G. E. Fellows: 

Sir : — I have the honor to submit the following report for the Depart- 
ment of Germanic Languages : 

Prof. A. F. Lewis, who had been on a leave of absence since the 
fall of 1905, resigned the chairmanship of this department on the first 
of April, 1906. 

Professor J. W. Carr, for the past four years chairman of the Depart- 
ment of English and Modern Languages in the University of Arkansas, 
was elected last June to the position made vacant by Prof. Lewis's 
resignation. At the same time Acting Professor M. C. G. Lentz, who 
had had charge of the German work during Prof. Lewis's absence, was 
promoted to an assistant professorship. 

That this department has shared in the general growth and prosperity 
of the University is sufficiently indicated by the fact that the entire 
time of two professors is now required to give instruction in German, 
whereas two years ago the one professor of German was assisted by 
an instructor who gave only part of his time to German. 

Two new courses have been added and are being taken this year, 
one in Middle High German, and one in Old High German. These 
courses and that in the History of German Literature are highly impor- 
tant for those who intend to teach German or who, for any purpose, 
make a special study of German. 

The variety and amount of German work offered by this department 
will compare favorably with that of any New England college except 
Harvard, Yale, and Brown. Nineteen and one-half hours, requiring at 
least four years for completion, are being taken at the present time. 

The department is entirely without maps. It needs pictures of Ger- 
man authors and of characters and scenes in German classics as well 
as of German buildings and places of literary significance to be framed 
and hung in the departmental classrooms. It is true that there is now 
the nucleus of a German library in the University, but more reference 
books are needed for the students in German 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 8a, and 8b. 
In my opinion it would help the work in German conversation and train 
the ear by the variety of German heard, if a phonograph with German 
records were provided for students. The department also needs another 
commodious classroom and far more blackboard space than it now has. 
Respectfully submitted, 

JOSEPH WILLIAM CARR, 

Professor of Germanic Languages. 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF GREEK 



President G. E. Fellows: 

Sir: — The first point to be noted in the development of the Greek 
department as marking a radical change from the conditions obtaining 
at the time of my last report, is the placing of Greek among the elective 
studies for the B. A. degree. The University of Maine has followed 
in this particular the example of many of the leading colleges of the 
country with the general good results that those who take this study 
now, while somewhat fewer in numbers, are better prepared to receive 
larger benefits from it. 

By a recent vote of the faculty, a student may now elect Freshman 
Greek instead of Freshman Latin hitherto required for the B. A. 
degree. 

More and more is being made out of the general courses on Greek 
art, religion, life, and literature, adapting their scope to the needs and 
viewpoint of those who may not happen to be students of classics, or 
at least of Greek. Such courses can be made of inestimable value in 
bringing the essential elements of Greek civilization into the educational 
horizon of all students in the Arts Courses. 

The large collection of pictures belonging to the Art Guild will now, 
for the first time, have a worthy home in the Carnegie Library, and 
situated as they will be, in immediate proximity to the reference books 
and seminar room, this valuable apparatus of over three thousand repro- 
ductions of the masterpieces of painting, sculpture and architecture can 
be utilized to far greater advantage than heretofore. 

I feel that it is important to direct your attention to the need of 
establishing at an early date a department of architecture as one of 
our technical schools, and in preparation for such a course and an 
introduction leading up to practical work in architecture, I recommend 
the introduction of a general course in the historical development of 
architectural styles. Our collection of photographs would furnish ample 
apparatus for a course of this character. 

Respectfully submitted, 

J. H. HUDDILSTON, 

Professor of Greek. 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY 



President G. E. Fellows: 

Sir: — No important changes have been made in the Department of 
History since my last report. An effort has been made to adapt the 
work more fully to the needs of this institution, and to make the 
catalog statement more definite. 

The department now offers fifteen courses ; eight of these are open 
for general registration, and the others only to advanced students. 

In view of the demand for graduate instruction, a part of the new 
books have been selected with the definite purpose of strengthening the 
departmental equipment along certain lines. We are now able to offer 
courses for the degree of Master of Arts in three subjects. 

Our need of more books, documents, etc., is still great; particularly 
duplicate copies of standard works and source material. 

Respectfully submitted, 

CAROLINE COLVIN, 

Professor of History. 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF LATIN 



President G. E. Fellows: 

Sir : — The Latin department begs to report gratifying progress. The 
change in the head of the department a year ago rendered some read- 
justment of the work advisable. We believe that this has been effected 
without loss to the department. The fact that more than half of all 
the eligible members of the sophomore class are electing Latin, and 
more than one-third are selecting Latin as their major subject, would 
seem to indicate this: • 

A considerable number of the students in Latin are planning to 
become teachers after graduation. The work of the department is so 
arranged as to keep the needs of this class in mind, without losing 
sight of the value of Latin for general culture and discipline. 

The material equipment of the department suffered a loss in the 
change of head. Professor Harrington had procured, partly at his 
own, partly at the University's expense, a working collection of lantern 
slides for instruction in topography, private life, history, archaeology, 
etc. His own, of course, he took with him, leaving the collection incom- 
plete. The lantern which his efforts had secured for the classical 
departments was last year used mainly. by the Greek department. I 
trust the administration will recognize the desirability of continuing in 
the classical departments this part of their equipment, in spite of its 
temporarily crippled use. 

A more pressing need is of books. In spite of the recent additions 
to the library at the request of the department, the fact remains that 
we still lack many of the standard works in English, not only on the 
general field of Latin but also on the particular subjects with which 
our courses deal, while the standard works in German, French, Italian, 
etc. — far more important than the English works — are almost entirely 
wanting. A working library is best built up gradually. We need sadly 
a reasonable sum of money annually to devote to the purchase of Latin 
books. We should have not less than $150 a year for several years 
and after that such sums as were found necessary from year to year. 

Respectfully submitted, 

GEORGE DAVIS CHASE, 

Professor of Latin. 



REPORT OF THE COLLEGE OF LAW 



Bangor, Me., Nov. 21, 1906. 

President G. E. Fellows: 

Sir: — I have the honor to submit the following report for the School 
of Law : 

The total registration of the Law School for 1906-07 is 90, up to date, 
as against 81 at the time of my report last year, November 27, 1905. 

The students for the present year are classified as follows: Graduate 
Students 31, Seniors 14, Juniors 17, First Year men 23 (as against 14 
last year), Special Students 5. The number of new men is 29, the 
largest entering class the school has had so far. 

The different colleges of the country are represented in the Law 
School as follows : Bates 2, Bowdoin 2, Colby 5, Maine 3, St. Mary's 1, 
Brown 1, Yale 1, and Dartmouth 1 — a total of 16, all holders of degrees 
in letters or sciences, or two less than last year. There are seven men 
that have a partly collegiate education gained by an attendance of from 
two to nearly four years in college, representing the following institu- 
tions : Colby, Maine, Boston University, Brown, Howard University, 
and Vermont, also two less than last year. For the first time other 
law schools are represented in our school to an appreciable degree, the 
schools in question being the Albany Law School, the Boston University 
Law School, the Harvard Law School, the Howard University Law 
School, the George Washington University Law School, and the Uni- 
versity of Indiana School of Law. It is certainly difficult to determine 
whether the slight decrease in the number of college men is purely 
accidental, or whether it is due to the poor accommodation our ill- 
ventilated and badly lighted rented rooms afford in contrast to the 
splendid facilities offered by even our poorest colleges, or whether still 
other causes should be looked for; but whatever may be the real cause 
of this decrease, it is always safer for us, as well as for the Law School 
and the University, to assume that the cause of it, somewhere and some- 
how, lies in ourselves and not in pure accident, and thus guard against 
relaxation either in vigilance or effort. There is, however, no difference 
in the spirit that has animated the school since its foundation. If there 
is any change at all, it is certainly in the line of a still greater deter- 
mination on the part of the men to do honest and faithful and loyal 
work, and the addition to the student body of new and earnest men 
that have studied in other law schools is in itself a distinct gain that we 
welcome and that cannot but benefit the institution. 

The different counties of the State are represented in the school as 
follows: Androscoggin 3, Aroostook 6, Cumberland 7 (an increase of 2), 
Franklin 1, Hancock 3, Kennebec 2, Oxford 1, Penobscot 21, Piscataquis 
4, Somerset 2, Waldo 3, Washington 3, and York 5. 

The ever increasing representation of Massachusetts in the Law 
School is one of the most gratifying features of its development. It 



7^ UNIVERSITY OF MAINE 

has risen from 8 in 1903, to 15 in 1904, to 17 in 1905, and now it stands 
at 22, that is, it is larger than the number of men enrolled from either 
eastern or western Maine, and is almost equal to that of central Maine. 
This large percentage of Massachusetts men in the school, a little more 
than 24 per cent, gives the institution a good standing not only in 
Massachusetts, but in an even greater degree in Maine itself, where 
this fact is most favorably commented on by our attorneys and con- 
sidered as a strong endorsement of the school by the grand old Com- 
monwealth from whose loins our State has sprung. 

The following states have one representative each in the Law School : 
Connecticut, Colorado, New Hampshire, New York, South Carolina, 
Vermont, and Washington, D. C. 

The eastern counties of Maine — Aroostook, Hancock, Piscataquis, and 
Washington — are represented by 16 students ; the central counties — 
Penobscot and Waldo — by 24; and the western counties — x\ndroscoggin, 
Cumberland, Franklin, Kennebec, Oxford, Somerset, and York — by 21. 
This goes to show that the student body of the Law School is drawn 
uniformly from every section of the State, an advantage first gained 
in 1904 and since maintained. 

At the Commencement last June the degree of Bachelor of Laws 
was conferred upon 18 students, as against 19 last year, and 14 the 
year before, while the degree of Master of Laws was bestowed upon 
three graduate students for advanced work done by them, the same 
number as last year. 

The applicants from this graduating class of the Law School for 
admission to the Maine State Bar passed all without a single exception, 
and the excellent record the men had held for the last three years, show- 
ing an average very much higher than that of the applicants for admis- 
sion from the Harvard and Boston University Law Schools, was not only 
maintained this year, but greatly surpassed. 

Of the four men that passed the Massachusetts Bar examination this 
year, three had studied law for only two years, instead of three. While 
their success is highly gratifying in so far as they were able to accom- 
plish what is not usually accomplished except after three years of hard 
w r ork, yet success means in nearly every such case the abandonment of 
further study at the Law School, the renouncing of the degree, and 
immediate entrance upon the practice of the law. 

The chief needs of the Law School are the old ones — more suitable 
quarters, a more rapid rate of increase for the law library, and another 
man to give his whole time to the school ; but of all these, under the 
present circumstances, the one great, absolutely paramount need is the 
securing of better quarters. This need cannot be emphasized too much. 
Longer to delay to satisfy this need means to cripple the Law School 
and, through it, the University, and to do permanent injury to both, 
and not to them alone, but to the State of Maine as well, to its children 
as also to its fair name at home and beyond its borders. 

Respectfully submitted, 

W. E. WALZ, 
Dean of the College of Law. 



REPORT OF THE LIBRARIAN 



President G. E. Fellozvs: 

Sir: — The number of bound volumes in the library on June 30, 1906, 
was 29,535, an increase of 3,921 during the biennial period covered by 
this report. The number of pamphlets on the same date was about 
9,000. Of the books added during the two years, 891 were obtained by 
purchase, 634 by binding, and 2,396 by gift. Of the gifts, 1,446 were 
from the U. S. Superintendent of Documents, 108 from Mary King 
Longfellow of Portland, 71 from the Maine State Library, 59 from 
Philip Dorticos of the class of 1904, 57 from Mrs. G. P. Jeffords of 
Bangor, 47 from the Michigan State Library, 45 from the Ohio State 
Library, 28 from T. S. Lazell of Paterson, N. J., 28 from the Carnegie 
Institution of Washington, 24 from the Connecticut State Library, 22 
from the Library of Congress, 10 from the Indiana State Library, 10 
from the University of Chicago, and the remainder from various mis- 
cellaneous sources. General Charles Hamlin of Bangor gave $100.00 
to be applied to the purchase of a set of the English Ruling Cases for 
the College of Law, and Hon. L. C. Southard, class of 1875, gave an 
additional $25.00 for the same purpose. Mr. Southard has given another 
$25.00 which was used in the purchase of a set of the Federal Statutes, 
Annotated. Grateful acknowledgement is made for all these gifts. 

The volumes added to the library are classified as follows : General 
Works, 206; Bibliography, 66; Philosophy, 27; Religion, 17; Sociology, 
384; Law, 314; U. S. documents (depository series), 1,494; Military 
Science, n; Education, 73; General Philology, 18; General Natural 
Science, 25 ; Mathematics and Astronomy, 61 ; Physics and Electrical 
Engineering, 72; Chemistry and Chemical Technology, 58; Geology, 31; 
Biology (including Zoology), 70; Botany, 39; General Useful Arts, 32; 
Medicine and Veterinary Science, 32 ; Pharmacy, 29 ; Civil and Mechan- 
ical Engineering, 161; Agriculture, 174; Forestry, 49; Fine Arts, 65; 
General Literature, 52 ; English, 36 ; German, 32 ; French, 9 ; Latin, 22 ; 
Greek, 8; General History, 6; Description and Travel, 48; Ancient 
History, 4; European History, 76; American History, 94; Maine Local 
History, 22. 

The regular assistant in the library for 1904-06 was Mrs. Clara E. 
Patterson. Her health failed last winter, and the position was filled 
by Miss Maude Brown Colcord, who had been a volunteer assistant for 



74 UNIVERSITY OF MAINE 

some months. Miss Colcord has been retained for another year. In 
accordance with authority given by the Trustees, Miss Jennie Elizabeth 
Dunmore, a graduate from Simmons College in the course in Library 
Economy, has been appointed Cataloger in the Library for 1906-7. 

For several years past the report of the Librarian has emphasized the 
need of a suitable library building. We are indeed fortunate in having 
had this need supplied by Mr. Andrew Carnegie, whose gift of $50,000 
for the building, together with an additional $5,000 for equipment, was 
obtained through the solicitation and upon the representations of the 
President of the University. The building will be ready for occupancy 
in the fall of 1906, and it promises to be as satisfactory as it certainly 
is substantial and attractive. The architects, Messrs. Brainerd and 
Leeds, Boston, included in their specifications every item of importance 
asked for by the Librarian. The building contains suitable rooms for 
reading, reference, and administration. It has five seminar rooms for 
the use of advanced students, and a stack room which will accommodate 
about 70,000 volumes. It was possible to provide in it a lecture room 
which will seat over a hundred, and another room of the same size, 
called a club room, where student organizations of various kinds may 
meet and where a certain class of social functions may be held. The 
design of the building is such as to permit it to be extended when neces- 
sary so as to considerably more than double its present capacity. The 
furniture which has been bought is, like the building itself, substantial 
and attractive. 

The library, which has been accumulated during the thirty-eight years 
of the existence of the University, is a working collection of much 
greater practical value than many libraries which contain a much larger 
number of volumes, owing to the relatively small proportion of obsolete 
material which it contains. Considerably more than half the volumes 
have been added within the last eight years. This is all right as far 
as it goes, but it does not go far enough. In the courses of instruction 
which are offered by the University nearly the whole field of human 
knowledge is covered, and the library falls far short of being able to 
meet the calls upon it. 

No argument is needed to support the claim that the University oi 
Maine library should be at the very least as good as the libraries of other 
institutions in New England with which the University ranks in instruc- 
tion and attendance. For the purpose of bringing out the facts, a table 
is given below which gives the number of volumes in the library, the 
annual additions, the amount expended for books, periodicals, binding, 
etc., and the number of undergraduates for each of the colleges of New 
England with which comparisons may fairly be made, except Tufts and 
the University of Vermont, from which no replies were received to 
inquiries sent. The statistics were collected last year, and are for the 
college year 1904-5, but those for 1905-6 would vary but little. 



RKPORT OL- THE LIBRARIAN 



75 



Institution. 



a 03 



GO OJ 

<J«2 



Hfi 



Amherst 

Bowdoin 

Brown 

Dartmouth ... . 
Mass. Ins. Tech 

Wesleyan 

Williams 

Average . . 

Maine 



85,000 
82,000 
140,000 
110,000 
72,000 
72,000 
57,000 



4,100 
4,250 
5,000 
2,730 
3,900 
1,700 
3,300 



88,287 
29,000 



3,569 
1,250 



$3,000 
3,121 
7,000 
5,500 
6,300 
3,700 
4,600 



455 

289 
845 
898 
1,440 
321 
443 



4,746 
1,700 



670 
448 



This table shows that the University of Maine library contains only 
about a third as many volumes as the average for the seven other insti- 
tutions. It shows also that instead of growing faster than the others 
and spending more money in order to make our library as good as theirs, 
we are spending only about a third as much and increasing only about 
a third as fast, so that instead of catching up gradually we are falling 
farther behind each year. This is not a creditable showing, but I should 
be derelict in my duty if I failed to call your attention to the facts. 
We have about two-thirds as many students at Maine as the other insti- 
tutions average, and are growing in attendance faster than any of them. 

There is another point which requires consideration in connection 
with the rate of growth and the annual expenditure of our library and 
those with which comparison has been made. There is not a single 
one of them which is covering anything like the field of instruction which 
we offer here, and this has a material bearing on our needs. The fact 
is that, however we look at it, the need exists of a greater expenditure 
here for current publications than at any of those with which comparison 
is made. We should certainly have for the purchase of new books, 
magazines, binding, etc., $5,000 a year at the very least, with not less 
than $2,500 additional to be used for filling in the gaps in our standard 
books and sets of periodicals and proceedings. I have in my possession 
lists from the heads of departments showing their needs which demon- 
strates the necessity of such a provision. There is nothing more certain 
than that an adequate supply of books and periodicals is absolutely essen- 
tial to thoroughly satisfactory work in any department, whether it be 
agriculture, engineering, science, literature, law, or some other branch 
of instruction. 

While the needs of students and faculty are the most pressing and 
should probably be met first, it must be borne in mind that our library 
is that of a State University and is under peculiar obligations to have 
upon its shelves publications relating to every industry carried on within 
the limits of the State, in order that any of its citizens may be able to 



76 UNIVERSITY OF MAINE 

secure the latest and most accurate information upon all questions con- 
nected with the development of its varied interests. 

The need exists of a very considerable increase in the allowance of 
funds for the University library, unless the work of every department 
of instruction is to be seriously hampered by its limitations. The facts 
are before you. 

Respectfully submitted, 

RALPH K. JONES, 

Librarian. 



REPORT OF DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS 
AND ASTRONOMY. 



President G. E. Fellows: 

Sir: — During the past two years there has been a gradual strength- 
ening of the work of the classes in this department. For this improve- 
ment two reasons, at least, may be assigned : first, the more thorough 
preparation of the students upon admission to college, due to our 
increased requirements ; and second, the very efficient work of the 
instructors, Messrs. Buck, Willard, and Morley. The department has 
been fortunate in having had only one change in its teaching force. At 
the close of the last college year Mr. Thomas Buck resigned, to con- 
tinue graduate work at the University of Chicago. It is to be hoped 
that when he is ready to enter again upon teaching we may retain his 
services. To fill the vacancy caused by Mr. Buck's resignation Mr. 
Elmer E. Moots, a graduate of Highland Park College, was made 
instructor in Mathematics, and ' is filling the place very satisfactorily. 
If the present rate of increase in the number of students in the Univer- 
sity continues there will soon be need of an additional instructor. 
At the present time instruction is being given to 320 students, reciting 
in thirteen classes or divisions. It will be necessary next term to have 
one or two additional divisions, as some of our classes this term are 
too large for the best work. 

At the last Commencement one student received the M. A. degree 
for graduate work in Mathematics, and one student is now registered 
for work leading to the M. S. degree. Eight undergraduates are regis- 
tered as taking their major in Mathematics. 

I wish to renew the recommendation in my last report that as soon 
as possible one or more of the instructors be given a permanent appoint- 
ment. 

The need of additions to the books and periodicals in the mathematical 
section of the library is still imperative. 

Respectfully submitted, 

J. N. HART, 

Professor of Mathematics and Astronomy. 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL 
ENGINEERING. 



November i, 1906. 
President G. E. Fellows: 

Sir : — I have the honor to submit the following report for the Depart- 
ment of Mechanical Engineering. 

Since the last report submitted, some changes have been made in this 
department both in the instruction and in the instructors. The courses 
of instruction have been rearranged in some particulars with the idea 
of maintaining a closer connection between related courses in different 
terms, thus making a more effective course as a whole. 

As now arranged the work of instruction in all courses, except manual 
training, is divided between the professor in charge of the department 
and Mr. T. M. Gunn, the instructor in Mechanical Engineering, who is 
now in his second year with us. Three courses have been arranged 
in Marine Engineering with Mr! Gunn in charge. 

Mr. C. J. Carter has been appointed instructor in Machine Tool Work 
to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Mr. Cole. Mr. Carter 
devotes his entire time to Machine Tool instruction, repair work, and 
the care of the power, heat and light. Since Mr. Carter has entered 
the shop many repairs have been and are being made which will result 
in a much improved Machine Tool Laboratory. Some new apparatus 
has been added, which will be mentioned later. 

Mr. E. W. Davee continues as instructor in Carpentry, Pattern 
Making, and Forge Practice. The wood-working shop has had some 
small tools added and more benches have been made available for use 
by the purchase of several new vises. 

The machine shop has been much improved by the addition of a speed 
lathe, a power hack saw, an arbor press, and a quantity of small tools 
replacing many which had been worn out or broken. As laboratory 
work is now scheduled it is impossible to serve more than three 
divisions in Machine Tool Work. Our present equipment is insuffi- 
cient for more than ten, or at most twelve, students in a division. 
While we are able to amply provide for all students in this course this 
year, the increasing registration indicates that the next year we shall 
have more students than we are prepared to teach. I should advise 
the installation of at least three more engine lathes to provide for that 
many more students in a division, and that an arrangement be made 



DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING 79 

so that a two-hour period in this shop-work may be scheduled in the 
forenoon, from ten to twelve. 

We should have a core oven in the foundry. 

The Mechanical Engineering Laboratory is in great need of increased 
equipment; it is desirable that three or four thousand dollars per year 
be expended here for the next four or five years. For the present year 
five hundred dollars is very much needed for small apparatus for use 
in connection with our present equipment and to allow of our con- 
structing two or three pieces of apparatus. 

A new power plant, when built, should be so designed that much 
of its equipment will be of direct value as laboratory apparatus to 
students in Mechanical Engineering, and thus obviate the need of an 
expenditure for similar apparatus for experimental work only. It is 
such pieces of equipment as will decrease the cost of operating the 
power plant that are most desired for student demonstration and 
experiment. 

Lord Hall, now finished, has added greatly to the convenience of the 
departments occupying it. Our need of drawing desks for the drawing 
room has grown since last mentioned and it would seem fitting that 
they be furnished soon. 

In our work, more especially in our advanced subjects, we are daily 
reminded of our need for more engineering books in the library. In 
books of reference it would seem that we obtain greater value for the 
money expended than in any other thing, and it is hoped that our new 
library may come to its maximum of usefulness by having some liberal 
provision made for new books. Each year many theses are added to 
the library as the result of students' work. 

As provision is being made for an enlarged museum, I would suggest 
that an industrial branch be added, more especially showing the manu- 
facturing industries of the State. 

Finally, in spite of our many needs and the difficulties under which 
we labor, I have to report that there are many signs of progress and 
that results obtained are very gratifying. 

Respectfully submitted, 

A. C JEWETT, 

Professor of Mechanical Engineering. 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICS 
AND DRAWING. 



October 26th, 1906. 
President G. E. Fellows: 

Sir : — The Department of Mechanics and Drawing, established in the 
fall of 1904, is now entering on its third year, and the work of the 
department is being given as outlined in my first report with the addition 
of a sophomore course in drawing, running four hours a week for the 
fall term, which has been taken over this year from the departments 
of engineering, and the separation of the freshman fall term work in 
drawing into two courses, one for the technical and the other for the 
non-technical students. 

The department occupies an office and recitation rooms on the first 
floor of Wingate Hall and a drawing-room on the third floor formerly 
occupied by the departments of Electrical and Mechanical Engineering. 
This drawing-room, containing sixty desks, is already taxed to its full 
capacity by the constantly increasing number of the entering class, two 
years ago the registration for freshmen drawing being about 95, last 
year about 120, and this year about 160. The crowded condition has 
been temporarily relieved by subdividing divisions and scattering the 
work in the drawing-rooms of the other departments to the incon- 
venience of the work already scheduled there, and can probably be 
relieved for a year or two by the readjustment of the time schedule, 
but within a very few years additional drawing-room space must be 
provided. 

The department shares an instructor with the department of Civil 
Engineering and has also the services of a student assistant, but there 
is urgent need for the full services of an instructor as well as a tutor 
or student assistant in order to care for the increasing number of stu- 
dents in satisfactory manner. 

The pressing material needs of the department are new drawing desks 
and stools, a complete and satisfactory system of lighting for the draw- 
ing-room, an additional case of instrument lockers, and a supply of 
charts and models. 

Respectfully submitted, 

CHAS. P. WESTON, 

Assistant Professor of Mechanics and Drawing. 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MILITARY 
SCIENCE AND TACTICS 



November 24, 1906. 
President G. E. Fellows: 

Sir: — The work in this department under the rules now adopted by 
the faculty, and the orders from the War Department, gives good results. 
It is not believed that they should be materially altered. 

The blue uniform, now worn by the cadets, is difficult to keep clean. 
It shows the slightest wear. It is believed that an olive drab uniform, 
such as the present army service, would possess the advantages of being 
better material, at the same cost, would not show wear, be adapted to 
general use throughout the freshman year, and in general present a 
much more desirable appearance, than the present style, blue uniform, 
which from its cost is of an inferior grade of cloth and workmanship. 
The olive drab would also be much more comfortable to wear, and better 
suited to drills, and target practice. 

The present range, being such that it can be used only at reduced 
targets and ranges, is not suited to the U. S. Army rifle, model 1898, 
just issued. At very little expense, and work, it can be adapted to a 
range for two and three hundred yards, which is necessary to give the 
best results from the preliminary drills, and gallery practice. This 200 
and 300 yards is about the minimum distance, as is shown by the fact 
that the full course of target practice includes ranges up to 1,000 yards. 

Respectfully submitted, 

WALTER S. BROWN, 
Captain, — Infantry, Professor Military Science and Tactics. 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF PHARMACY 



President G. E. Fellozvs: 

Sir: — With the present entering class twelve classes have entered and 
ten classes have graduated from this department since its opening in 
1895. Dividing the twelve entering classes into two groups, the first 
six and the last six classes; and similarly the ten graduating classes . 
into the first five and the last five classes, we thereby obtain a com- 
parative table of attendance at beginning and end of Pharmacy course 
for each of the two periods considered : 

4-yr. course 2-yr. course 

Number entered, first six classes 10 47 

Number entered, last six classes 10 64 

Number graduated, first five classes 4 18 

Number graduated, last five classes 3 18 

This table does not include students taking occasional work in phar- 
macy courses. The number of those who have taken some of the work 
in pharmacy, materia medica, or in one or more of the chemical courses 
offered by this department is considerable but has not been separately 
computed. 

It will be noted that out of 131 entering only 43 graduated. It will 
also be noted that the average number entering has increased only from 
9 1-2 per class for the first period to 12 1-3 per class for the last period. 
That is, in the rapid numerical growth of attendance at this University 
during the past decade, this department has not largely shared. Several 
contributing factors to this end have been previously considered. It 
may suffice to note that pharmacy as a calling is followed by only about 
1- 10 of one per cent of the total population of the United States; and 
of this small fraction, less than ten per cent being college trained, it 
may be said, notwithstanding recent rapid growth in educational oppor- 
tunities and in the recognition of the need for educational fitting for 
pharmacy, that it yet remains true that pharmacy is practically the 
only profession of modern times in which the majority yet enter without 
preliminary technical educational training. After all, the chief reason 
that the pharmacy colleges do not generally share in the recent increased 
patronage of technical schools is that pharmacy still remains more of 
a trade than a profession, and is hence so rated and paid. Consequently 
the hope therein, to the beginner, of immediate or prospective rewards 
for a broader training is little beyond those offered by purely trade 
callings, which latter generally do not require special technical training 
at all. That the public weal demands more thorough training in phar- 
macy than formerly sufficed does not, in short, appeal to the young 
pharmacist in the absence of financial inducements. Also, considerable 
capital is necessary to successful venture in this calling, which is not 



DEPARTMENT OF PHARMACY 83 

the case in certain others ; and which latter furthermore offer greater 
initial rewards with greater prospects of advancement Long hours, 
weighty responsibilities, and rigid State Board examinations also aid 
to check more than normal accessions to the ranks of beginners. 

It not being expected then that the proportionate number of beginners 
in pharmacy can be easily increased, the hope of any one pharmacy 
college for much proportionate increase of numbers would seem to be 
more or less based on expectation of drawing them from the natural 
clientele of other colleges, rather than from unexploited material. This 
forces the query : what inducements have we to offer to enable us to 
compete with the older, famed and centrally located colleges — Boston 
and New York, for instance — with their imposing buildings, laboratories, 
and libraries, liberally equipped, and provided with an ample corps of 
instructors who present and emphasize everything taught from the 
standpoint of its practical pharmaceutical bearing? To raise the ques- 
tion is to answer it. Doubtless the question of buildings and labora- 
tories is not important so long as we do not encroach on others; but 
we are beginning to encroach on the Chemical Department for labora- 
tory facilities and this may become an important future problem. But 
the question of insufficient equipment of library and laboratory, of 
insufficient instructors, and of instructors qualified and disposed to 
present the pharmacy bearings of their specialty are problems immedi- 
ately pressing. 

Our only new apparatus received since last report is a Linbarger Jolly 
balance, costing $22.50. This is our most valuable apparatus, and has 
been more in use the past year than any other single article. Its value 
has been demonstrated, and it is open to use of students of other depart- 
ments. 

The present entering class in the short course is exceptionally well 
fitted and promising. In fact the average quality of entering classes 
has steadily improved of late years, and is now very satisfactory (except 
in the customary deficient preparation in arithmetic, to which I have 
so regularly referred in my previous reports). Most of the members 
of recent entering classes were high school graduates, and but few had 
had as little as two years of high school — preparation much in advance 
of our actual catalog requirements. 

Changes in curriculum are the dropping of military drill as a require- 
ment for first year students, and adding Bl 9, Physiology, as a require- 
ment for second year students. 

In another communication I have submitted a moderate estimate to 
cover our more immediate needs, amounting to $350 in all. 

In conclusion : we must necessarily compete with well-equipped col- 
leges; but ignoring this our self-respect should forbid us to bid for the 
patronage of the young seeker for the best education (usually of limited 
means) unless we are prepared to give in return and in fair measure 
opportunity commensurate with this confidence and patronage. 

Respectfully submitted, 

W. F. JACKMAN, 

Professor of Pharmacy. 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF PHILOSOPHY 



President G. E. Fellows: 

Sir : — In virtue of the recent establishment of a Department of Educa- 
tion, two of the branches hitherto included in the Department of 
Philosophy, namely, History of Education, and Principles of Pedagogy 
and School Management, have been, very properly, transferred to the 
new department. 

This change has enabled me to respond to a petition several times 
renewed, for the introduction of a course on the Problems of Philosophy, 
and at the same time to expand the work in the History of Philosophy 
from the half year to the full year. 

As now arranged, the courses offered by this department include 
General Psychology, Experimental Psychology, Comparative Psychology, 
Advanced Psychology, Logic, Ethics, History of Greek and Medieval 
Philosophy, History of Modern Philosophy, and Problems of Philosophy. 
These branches are purely elective. 

In an institution in which technological studies necessarily hold a 
very prominent place, a large registration in philosophical studies is 
hardly to be expected under the elective system. It is, therefore, indica- 
tive of a genuine interest in such studies, when I can report, as at the 
present time, fifteen students registered in the Problems of Philosophy, 
twenty-two for the course in Ethics, and forty- four in General Psy- 
chology. 

The needs of this department include books for the library and 
apparatus for the Psychological laboratory. For simply current books 
of .reference in Psychology, Ethics, and Philosophy, at least $200 should 
be assigned. 

To remedy, in part, the deficiencies in apparatus, $400 would be a 
minimum estimate, for pieces ranging from $1 to $50 in value. This 
estimate does not include any of the expensive pieces found in most 
psychological laboratories of the present day. 

Respectfully submitted, 

M. C. FERNALD, 
Professor of Philosophy. 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ROMANCE 
LANGUAGES 



October 31, 1906. 
President G. E. Fellows: 

Sir: — The Department of Romance Languages offered in 1905-6 
twenty-eight hours, of which twenty-two were in French and six in 
Spanish. In 1906-7 there are offered thirty-six hours, of which twenty- 
eight are in French and eight in Spanish. These thirty-six hours are 
distributed as follows: First year French, one section (5 hrs.) ; Inter- 
mediate French, one section (2 hrs.) ; second year French, three sec- 
tions (9 hrs.) ; third year French, two sections (6 hrs.) ; fourth year 
French, one section (2 hrs.) ; elementary and advanced conversation 
and composition, one section each (4 hrs.) ; first year Spanish, two 
sections (6 hrs.) ; second year Spanish, one section (2 hrs.). 

The number of students enrolled in the department in the last four 
years is as follows : 

1903-4 150 

1904-5 191 

1905-6 216 

1906-7 260 

The year 1906-7 compared with the year 1903-4 shows an increase in 
the number of students of 73%. 

There has been a steady increase in the number of students. We 
may then look forward to a corresponding increase in 1907-8. 

With this constantly increasing number of students our present quar- 
ters are unsatisfactory. The students have been laboring under great 
difficulties in our present small classroom. Two spacious classrooms 
and an office-room are needed by the department. 

Mr. Shute, who until this year was instructor both in the German 
and Romance departments, is now doing his work in the Romance 
department only. 

The part of the library relating to this department is greatly in need 
of enlargement. Only by spending yearly a very liberal sum of money 
for books will it be possible to place the same upon a workable basis. 

Respectfully submitted, 

J. B. SEGALL, 
Department of Romance Languages. 



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